热带地理 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 738-741.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002675

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国政府对南海诸岛的命名

刘南威   

  1. (华南师范大学 地理科学学院,广州 510631)
  • 出版日期:2017-09-21 发布日期:2017-09-21
  • 作者简介:刘南威(1931―),男,广东大埔人,教授,研究方向为自然地理、南海诸岛地名等,(E-mail)liunanwei@139.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金面上项目(41371153)

Chinese Government’s Naming of the South China Sea Islands

LIU Nanwei   

  1. (School of geography,South China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631,China)
  • Online:2017-09-21 Published:2017-09-21

摘要: 中国人民是最早发现和命名南海诸岛的。据史籍记载,从汉代开始每个朝代都有对南海诸岛命名。中国政府正式对南海诸岛的命名共有4次,分别为:李准巡海对西沙群岛的命名、水陆地图审查委员会对南海诸岛的命名、民国政府内政部对南海诸岛的命名、中国地名委员会对南海诸岛的命名等。详细阐述了每次对南海诸岛命名的背景、经过、特点,地名演变、地名系统化和标准化,存在问题以及每次命名对维护南海诸岛领土主权的意义等。

关键词: 中国政府, 南海诸岛, 命名

Abstract: Chinese people first discovered and named the South China Sea Islands. According to historical records, since the Han Dynasty, each dynasty has named the South China Sea Islands. There have been four times of naming processes of the South China Sea Islands by the Chinese government: Li Zhun’s naming of Xisha Islands during his patrol of the sea; Committee on land and water map’s naming of the South China Sea Islands; Naming of the South China Sea Islands by the Ministry of the interior of the Republic of China; Naming of the South China Sea Islands by Chinese Commission on Geographical Names. The background, process, characteristics of each naming process of the South China Sea Islands, as well as the evolution of geographical names, the systematization and standardization of geographical names, the existing problems and the significance to the territorial sovereignty of each naming process of the South China Sea Islands were in detail discussed in this paper.

Key words: Chinese government, the South China Sea Islands, naming