热带地理 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 917-925.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002760

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市传统文化旅游地景观格局与景观审美耦合研究——以南京夫子庙秦淮风光带为例

周 玮1,黄震方2,吴丽敏3,朱云峰1   

  1. (1.南京工业职业技术学院,南京 210023;2.南京师范大学 地理科学学院,南京 210023;3.南京财经大学 工商管理学院,南京 210023)
  • 出版日期:2015-11-05 发布日期:2015-11-05
  • 通讯作者: 黄震方(1963―),男,江苏扬中人,教授,博士生导师,从事旅游地理与文化旅游相关的研究工作,(E-mail)zhfh@263.net。
  • 作者简介:周玮(1979―),女,江苏南京人,副教授,博士,从事城市文化景观、城市记忆等研究工作,(E-mail)jsnjzhouwei@126.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41401152、41271149);教育部人文社科青年基金项目(14YJCZH228)

Coupling between Landscape Pattern and Landscape Aesthetic of Traditional and Cultural Tourism Destination: A Case Study of the Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area of Nanjing

ZHOU Wei1,HUANG Zhenfang2,WU Limin3,ZHU Yunfeng1   

  1. (1.School of Economics and Management,Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology,Nanjing 210023,China;2.College of Geographical Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210023,China;3.School of Business Administration,Nanjing University of Finance and Economics,Nanjing 210023,China)
  • Online:2015-11-05 Published:2015-11-05

摘要:

以景观美和生态美的关系研究为基点,选取南京夫子庙秦淮风光带作为城市传统文化旅游地的典型个案,采用景观格局指数和平衡不完全区组比较评判法,实证分析景观格局与景观审美的耦合特征及规律。结果表明:1)案例地整体景观破碎度较高,但不同景观组分受到人为干扰的程度不同,景观斑块的多样性和异质性较为适中,但斑块面积、空间分布及空间集聚度存在结构性差异;2)本地居民对夫子庙秦淮风光带的景观审美感知较好,但更偏好“十里秦淮”优美的自然风光及蕴含丰厚城市记忆要素的历史建筑和文化景观;3)总体上,景观格局与景观审美存在耦合互补与和谐共生的关系。夫子庙秦淮风光带历史文化积淀深厚,但在城市化快速发展的时代背景下,文化特色不断缺失,“去地方化”进程不断加快,作为城市传统文化旅游地的典型代表,其担负的城市记忆和文化传承功能,应该引起学界和社会各界的广泛关注。

关键词: 城市传统文化旅游地, 景观格局, 景观审美, 耦合, 南京夫子庙秦淮风光带

Abstract:

The relationship between landscape beauty and ecological beauty is an important scientific problem reflecting the essence of the relationship between human and place. By far most of the study has been based on a single view. Selecting Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area in Nanjing as the typical case of urban traditional and cultural tourism destination, this paper made an empirical analysis of the characteristics and law of the coupling between the landscape pattern and landscape aesthetic by using the landscape pattern index as the criterion of ecological beauty as well as the Balanced Incomplete Block-Law of Comparative Judgement as the criterion of landscape beauty. The results displayed: 1) The overall landscape fragmentation of the studied area was rather high, but different parts of landscape were influenced differently by artificial factors. The diversity and heterogeneity of landscape patches were moderate, but there were structural differences of the area of patch, spatial distribution and spatial agglomeration degree. 2) The tourists and local residents had good perception of landscape aesthetic of the scenic area, however, they had preference forthe historical architecture and cultural landscape with abundant elements of city memory. 3) As a whole, the relationship between the landscape pattern and landscape aesthetic was coupled and complementary. Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area had profound history and culture, however, under the background of the rapid development of urbanization, cultural characteristics were missing constantly and the process of delocalization was speeded up. Hence, it would be a long way to go to protect city memory and inherit local culture for the scenic area, which is an important traditional and cultural tourism destination of the city.

Key words: the traditional and cultural tourism destination of the city, landscape pattern, landscape aesthetic, coupling, the Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area of Nanjing