热带地理 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 347-355.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002938

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

产业转移下的广东省制造业空间集聚与 区际分工演变——基于2005―2014年统计数据

许树辉   

  1. (韶关学院 旅游与地理学院,广东 韶关 512005)
  • 出版日期:2017-05-05 发布日期:2017-05-05
  • 作者简介:许树辉(1971―),男,湖南宁远人,博士,副教授,中国地理学会会员(GD451),研究方向为产业组织与区域发展,(E-mail)shuhui- xu@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    广东省哲学社会科学2013年度规划项目(GD13XYJ20);广东省教育厅2016年度科研项目(2016WTSCX107);韶关市社科规划项目(G2015005、GJ201502)

Evolution of Spatial Agglomeration of Manufacturing Industry and Regional Division of Labor Driven in Guangdong Province under the Industrial Transfer: Based on the Analysis of Statistical Data during 2005-2014

XU Shuhui   

  1. (College of Tourism & Geography,Shaoguan University,Shaoguan 512005,China)
  • Online:2017-05-05 Published:2017-05-05

摘要: 运用基尼系数、区位熵和克鲁格曼专业化指数,对广东省2005―2014年度规模以上制造业行业数据进行分析,并将其与FDI、内资投资2个指标为代表的产业转移进行SPSS相关性分析,厘清“双转移”战略实施以来广东省制造业行业的空间集聚变化和区际分工态势,以及驱动性因素。结果发现:1)广东省制造业行业集聚水平差异大,空间集聚程度在降低,出现行业空间分散化;轻纺工业、资源加工工业流向东西两翼和粤北山区,机械、电子类先进制造业在珠三角地区集聚增强;珠三角各城市之间、“对口帮扶”城市之间制造业行业的专业化分工趋于深化。2)制造业空间集聚程度下降,受到国际、国内产业转移的共同影响;珠三角先进制造业的集聚增强,与国际产业转移关系密切;轻纺、资源加工工业在粤东西北的集聚发展,多与国内产业转移有关;城市之间专业化分工,存在着产业转移的双重叠加现象。3)产业转移提升了先进制造业在珠三角、轻纺工业和资源加工工业在东西两翼和粤北山区的比较优势,促成了珠三角地区以先进制造业为主、东西两翼和粤北山区以轻纺工业和资源加工工业为主的专业化分工趋势。

关键词: 制造业, 产业转移, 空间集聚, 区际分工, 广东省

Abstract: Industrial transfer is an important way of industrial agglomeration and interregional division of labor. By using Gini coefficient, location quotient and Krugman specialization index, the 2005-2014 data of manufacturing industry above the scale in Guangdong province are analyzed, and the SPSS correlation research is conducted with FDI and domestic investment, which are two representative indicators of industrial transfer. The purpose of this paper is to find out the spatial agglomeration change, interregional division of labor and driving factors of Guangdong manufacturing industry since the implementation of dual transfer strategy. Through Gini coefficient, location quotient and the specialization index of Krugman, we found that manufacturing industry agglomeration levels in Guangdong province differed greatly, the spatial agglomeration degree was lowering, and industry spatial decentralization occurred; textile industry and resource processing industry moved to the East, West and the mountainous areas in the province, and the agglomeration of mechanical and electronic manufacturing industries in the Pearl River Delta region was enhanced; among the cities in the Pearl River Delta and those of couplet-assistance the manufacturing industry specialization was deepening. In the analysis of the correlation between industrial transfer and spatial agglomeration and interregional division of labor in Guangdong manufacturing industry, we also found that the degree of spatial agglomeration of manufacturing industry declined, which was affected by international and domestic industrial transfer; Agglomeration of advanced manufacturing industry in the Pearl River Delta was closely related to international industrial transfer, while that of the textile and resource processing industries in the eastern, northern and western regions of the province was associated with the transfer of the domestic industry. There existed a double superposition phenomenon of industrial transfer in the division of labor based on specialization among cities. The transfer of industry enhanced the comparative advantage of the advanced manufacturing industry in the Pearl River Delta and the textile industry and resource processing industry in the East, West and the mountainous areas, that would contribute to the trend of division of labor, showing that the advanced manufacturing industry would agglomerate in the Pearl River Delta, while the textile industry and resource processing industry mainly in the East, West and the mountainous regions.

Key words: Manufacturing industry, industrial transfer, spatial agglomeration, interregional division of labor, Guangdong Province