热带地理 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (2): 151-165.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003035

• 论文 •    下一篇

南粤古驿道红色寻踪——基于《寻乌调查》的历史地理分析

许瑞生   

  1. (广东省人民政府,广州 510031)
  • 出版日期:2018-03-05 发布日期:2018-03-05
  • 作者简介:许瑞生(1962-),男,广东汕头人,中山大学人文地理专业博士,高级工程师,主要研究区域发展与文化遗产保护,(E-mail)ruishengcn@hotmail.com。

Regional Historical Geographic Relations between Xunwu and Nanyue in the 1930s: A Study of the Report Xunwu Investigation for Searching the Old Red Post Roads

XU Ruisheng   

  1. (People's Government of Guangdong Province,Guangzhou 510031,China)
  • Online:2018-03-05 Published:2018-03-05

摘要:

基于毛泽东同志所作的《寻乌调查》,利用历史地图资料,结合当前遥感影像数据、道路地名信息及相关历史资料等,运用GIS技术对历史资料进行还原处理,从交通区位、经济地理与区域文化等方面,对20世纪30年代寻乌与南粤的区域历史地理关系进行研究:1)还原并佐证了《寻乌调查》描述的区域交通系统,梳理出寻乌与南粤区域水陆交通网络及交通运输的基本特征,寻乌典型的边区区位与自然地理等条件,成就了其联系南粤的交通枢纽功能。2)寻乌与南粤的区域经济地理关系具有典型的“盐上米下”特征;寻乌在区域贸易流通中承担着中转站的功能,但边区市集发展程度较低,寻乌的社会经济深受以梅县为腹地的南粤地区发展的影响。3)南粤革命力量对中央苏区具有不可磨灭的历史贡献,红色文化底蕴非常深厚。理解寻乌与南粤的区域历史地理关系,既对当前的区域发展规划与政策制定具较强的指导作用,也为当前的南粤古驿道活化和开发提供了一条“寻乌调查红色之旅”路线。

关键词: 南粤古驿道, 《寻乌调查》, 历史地理, 交通系统, 区域贸易, 红色文化

Abstract:

Based on the report Xunwu investigation made by MAO Zedong and his group in the 1930s, this paper analyzed the regional historical geographic relations between Xunwu and Nanyue (an ancient name of Guangdong) by means of the traffic location, economic geographic relations and regional culture in the 1930s. Geographic information system (GIS) techniques were applied to reconstruct the historical scenes by using historical map data, current remote sensing data, historical road and toponymy information, as well as other related historical data. (1) Research results in this study reconstructed and corroborated the descriptions about regional transportation systems in Xunwu investigation. The basic characteristics of water and land transportation networks between Xunwu and Nanyue were also analyzed. Xunwu performed as a transportation hub mainly owing to its typical border location and natural geographical conditions. (2) The economic geographic relationship between Xunwu and Nanyue was characterized by a typical “salt northward and rice southward” pattern. Although the economic development level of the border areas near Xunwu was low, Xunwu played a transit station role in the regional trade network. Meanwhile, socioeconomic development in Xunwu was deeply influenced by Nanyue. (3) The culture of the border areas was closely linked with the human and historical geography of Nanyue. The red forces in south Jiangxi and northeast Guangdong made indelible contribution to the Central Soviet Area in China, and so the border areas near Xunwu have a deep red tourism cultural deposit. The results of the study would have some effects on guiding the planning policies of regional development, and also would provide a “red travel route of Xunwu investigation” for the redevelopment of the old post roads in Nanyue.

Key words: Xunwu investigation, regional historical geographic relation, transportation system, regional trade, red culture