热带地理 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 668-677.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003075

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

珠三角核心区农田耕层土壤有机碳库储量时空变化特征及其影响因素识别

任向宁1,3,董玉祥1,2,王秋香4   

  1. (1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院//广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275;2.中山大学新华学院,广州 510520; 3.华南农业大学资源环境学院,广州 510642;4.广东省土地开发整治中心,广州 510635)
  • 出版日期:2018-09-05 发布日期:2018-09-05
  • 作者简介:任向宁(1978―),男,河北正定人,博士生,主要研究方向为土地资源开发利用与保护,(E-mail)xnren@scau.edu.cn。

Temporal and Spatial Variation of Soil Organic Carbon Storage in the Core Area of Pearl River Delta and Identification of Influencing Factors

REN Xiangning1,3,DONG Yuxiang1,2,WANG Qiuxiang4   

  1. (1.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Geo-simulation,School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China;2.Xinhua College of Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510520,China;3.College of Natural Resources and Environment,South China Agricultural University,Guangzhou 510642,China;4.Guangdong Land Consolidation and rehabilitation Center,Guangzhou 510635,China)
  • Online:2018-09-05 Published:2018-09-05

摘要:

土壤有机碳库动态变化对区域乃至全球碳平衡具有显著影响,快速城市化地区社会经济迅速发展中土地利用/覆被变化剧烈,其农田耕层土壤有机碳库变化问题倍受关注。选择珠三角核心区为研究区域,基于1980与2015年农田耕层土壤有机碳含量数据,以乡镇为单元分析农田耕层土壤有机碳库储量的时空变化特征,并通过地理探测器定量识别其影响因素的主导因素。结果表明:1)珠三角核心区农田耕层土壤有机碳库储量1980―2015年间损失巨大,损失量达67.16%,同时其空间变化具有典型的城镇集群指向特征,即距离城镇集群越近,损失程度越大;2)珠三角核心区农田耕层土壤有机碳库储量的时空异质性变化受到气候变化、地形状况、水文环境、社会经济发展、土地利用变化和农田景观变化等多种因素的影响,且其影响力存在较大差异,各因素贡献力(q统计量)介于0.004~0.256之间;3)珠三角核心区农田耕层土壤有机碳库时空变化主导影响因素的贡献力表现为农田景观变化>二三产增长胁迫>水网密度>土地结构变化。

关键词: 土壤有机碳, 农田耕层, 碳库储量, 地理探测器, 主导影响因素, 珠三角核心区

Abstract:

The dynamic change of soil organic carbon storage has a significant influence on the regional and even global carbon balance. In the rapidly urbanized area, the rapid social and economic development has made the land use/cover change intensely, and the change of soil organic carbon storage in plough layer of this area has attracted much attention. The core area of the Pearl River Delta is selected as the research area. Based on the data of soil organic carbon content of plough layer in 1980 and 2015, this paper calculates the reserves of the soil organic carbon pool of the plough layer in different time, analyzes the spatio-temporal variation characteristics of the soil organic carbon storage by the towns, and uses the geographic detector to measure the contribution of different influence factors, identifies the dominant factors affecting the spatio-temporal variation of soil organic carbon storage at the township scale. The results show that: 1) during the period from 1980 to 2015, the reserves loss of soil organic carbon pool in the core area of the Pearl River Delta was 5.91Tg, and the loss rate was 67.16%. The spatial change had the direction of the typical urban cluster, that is, the closer to the urban cluster the area is, the greater the degree of loss will be. Around the “Guangzhou-Foshan-Dongguan” town cluster, the irregular circle of soil organic carbon storage decreased significantly. 2) The spatio-temporal heterogeneity of soil organic carbon storage in the core area of the Pearl River Delta is influenced by various factors such as climate change, topography, hydrological environment, social and economic development, land use change and farmland landscape change, and the influence has great difference, and the contribution of each factor (q Statistics) ranged from 0.004 to 0.256. 3) The change of farmland landscape, pressure stress from the growth of the secondary and tertiary industries, water network density and land structure change are the dominant factors affecting the spatial and temporal changes of soil plough organic carbon storage in the core area of the Pearl River Delta. Under the interference of high intensity artificial activities such as irrigation, fertilization and artificial soil improvement, climate change and topographic conditions have no significant influence on the spatial and temporal changes of soil plough organic carbon storage at the township scale in the core area of the Pearl River Delta. The water network density determines the water environment of the farmland, which affects the soil organic carbon density of plough layer and land use/cover change, and has the most significant influence among the factors that belong to the natural geographical environment. At the same time, as the rapidly urbanized area, there was a huge benefit gap between agricultural production and non-agricultural economy in the core area of the Pearl River Delta from 1980 to 2015, which led to the sharp change in the land use/cover change and the serious fragmentation of the farmland landscape, which caused the severe changes of the soil organic carbon pool of plough layer at the township scale.

Key words: soil organic carbon, plough layer, carbon storage, geodetector, dominant factors, the core area of Pearl River Delta