热带地理 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 91-98.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003109

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

与跨国企业技术互动对本土企业创新绩效的影响 ——以中国高技术制造业为例

夏丽丽,王润晓,李铸杰,伍敏静   

  1. (华南师范大学 地理科学学院,广州 510631)
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-03 修回日期:2018-11-22 出版日期:2019-01-05 发布日期:2019-01-05
  • 作者简介:夏丽丽(1975—),女,安徽寿县人,副研究员,博士,主要从事产业空间演变、创新与区域发展研究,(E-mail)hslily@163.com。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(41001079);广东省软科学项目(2016A070705050)

The Impact of Technological Interaction between Transnational and Indigenous Enterprises on Innovation Performance of Indigenous Enterprises: A Case Study of China’s Hi-tech Manufacturing Industry

Xia Lili, Wang Runxiao, Li Zhujie and Wu Minjing   

  1. (School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China)
  • Received:2018-04-03 Revised:2018-11-22 Online:2019-01-05 Published:2019-01-05

摘要:

在技术溢出和技术互动效应理论辨析的基础上,以中国高技术制造业为例,基于分行业面板数据,在多元回归模型中引入连乘变量,从技术能力互动、研发行为互动2个方面,对与跨国企业技术互动对本土企业创新绩效的影响进行实证分析。结果显示:1)以双方技术实力为基础的技术能力互动对本土企业的创新绩效具有显著的正效应;2)研发行为互动同时促进双方研发行为的强化,对本土企业创新绩效也具有显著的正效应。3)控制变量中,产品进入国际市场能力与企业创新绩效存在显著的负相关,本土企业规模、资本强度及市场结构对企业创新绩效的影响在统计学上不显著。研究结果同时支持了跨国资本对地方企业研发行为的“控制变量,有助于丰富全球化与地方创新相互作用与机制的理解。

关键词: 跨国企业, 本土企业, 技术互动, 技术溢出, 创新绩效, 高技术制造业, 中国

Abstract:

The analysis of technical, economic, and spatial influences for transnational and indigenous enterprises needs a theoretical transition from technical spillover to technical interaction, based on the technical evolution of local enterprises and the market. Compared with the technology spillover theory, the theory of technology interaction emphasizes the bidirectional flow of technology, implementation of technology behavior, and dynamic and bidirectional accumulation of technological influence-indicating that a new theoretical framework is needed. By introducing interaction terms in the multivariate regression model, this paper empirically describes the impact of technical interactions between transnational and local enterprises from the perspective of technical capability and technical behavior interactions on the innovation performance of Chinese high-tech industries. The model used in this study included the innovation performance of local enterprises as the dependent variable, the interaction of technical capabilities among transnational and local enterprises and the interaction of R&D behavior among transnational and local enterprises as the independent variables, and enterprise scale, capital intensity, market structure, and the enterprise’s ability to enter the international market as control variables. The findings indicate that interactions involving technical capabilities have significant positive effects on the innovation performance of local enterprises. This result shows that the technological influence of local and transnational enterprises in the field of high-tech manufacturing in China is changing from an indirect and one-way technology spillover to more active, frequent, and complex technological interactions that have played a positive role in promoting the innovation performance of local high-tech manufacturing enterprises. Furthermore, technical behavior interaction results in an increase in research intensity for both transnational and local enterprises, which enhances the innovation performance of indigenous enterprises and supports the viewpoint that transnational enterprises foster the R&D behavior of local enterprises. The regression results of the control variables show that the capacity for accessing the international market has a significant negative effect on an enterprise’s innovation performance, and the effect of scale, capital intensity of a local enterprise, and market structure on enterprise innovation performance is not statistically significant. For developing regions that have experienced rapid industrialization by carrying out the transfer of international industries, there is considerable significance in conducting a serious examination of the technological interrelationships between multinational and local firms, establishing the benign interaction mechanism between them to promote the integration of regional innovation resources, and building a more competitive regional innovation system. The results of this paper can enrich people’s understanding regarding technical interactions between transnational and local enterprises and their underlying mechanism, given the background of globalization. Findings of this study should also provide inspiration for policy-making decisions of regional innovation systems as integrated global forces.

Key words: transnational and indigenous enterprises, technical interaction, innovation performance, high-tech manufacturing industry, China