热带地理 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 616-624.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003157

• 专刊:无人机在生态学和地理学中的应用 • 上一篇    

基于文献计量评价的无人机生态遥感监测研究进展

王俊丽1a,b,c,任世奇2,张忠华1a,b,胡 刚1a,b,付瑞玉1a,b,c,周元慧1a,b,c,彭杏冰1a,b,c   

  1. (1. 南宁师范大学 a. 北部湾环境演变与资源利用教育部重点实验室;b. 西江流域生态环境与一体化发展协同创新中心; c. 地理科学与规划学院,南宁 530001;2. 广西林业科学研究院,南宁 530001)
  • 出版日期:2019-07-10 发布日期:2019-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 胡刚(1981—),男,安徽庐江人,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向为植物生态学,(E-mail)ahhugang@126.com。
  • 作者简介:王俊丽(1992—),女,山西山阴人,硕士研究生,研究方向为植物地理学,(E-mail)junliwang14@126.com;
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(31560132,31760128);广西创新驱动发展专项(AA17204087-9)

Research Progress on Unmanned Aerial Vehicle for Ecological Remote Sensing Monitoring Based on Bibliometric Assessment

Wang Junli1a,b,c, Ren Shiqi2, Zhang Zhonghua1a,b, Hu Gang1a,b, Fu Ruiyu1a,b,c, Zhou Yuanhui1a,b,c and Peng Xingbing1a,b,c   

  1. (1. a. Key Laboratory of Beibu Gulf Environment Change and Resources Utilization of Ministry of Education; b. The Collaborative Innovation Center of the Ecological Environment and Integration Development in the Xijiang River Basin; c. School of Geography and Planning, Nanning Normal University, Nanning 530001, China; 2. Guangxi Forestry Research Institute, Nanning 530001, China)
  • Online:2019-07-10 Published:2019-07-10

摘要:

利用2004—2018年Web of Science数据库中无人机生态遥感监测领域的相关文献,通过文献计量统计和可视化方法对发文量、作者、国家、机构、期刊和关键词等进行分析,从文献计量视角评价了国际无人机生态遥感监测研究的发展历程和进展。结果表明:检索到的381篇该领域的文献来自全球62个国家、646所机构的1 598位学者,2013年以来相关文献数量呈高速增长趋势。在该领域研究中,美国、中国和西班牙的综合科研力量最强;美国农业部、西班牙国家科学研究委员会和中国科学院的发文量全球领先;虽然全球有较多学者从事该领域研究,但国际学者间的交流和合作相对较少。Remote SensingInternational Journal of Remote SensingPrecision Agriculture是该领域文献的主要期刊载体。除检索词“Unmanned Aerial Vehicle”“Drone”外,“Precision agriculture”“Vegetation indices”“Forest inventory”等是出现频次较高的关键词,表明无人机遥感在精准农业、植被调查等方面的应用是研究重点。为了促进无人机生态遥感监测研究,建议国内外学者间加强交流合作,增强技术创新并拓宽在生态监测领域的应用范围。

关键词: 无人机, 遥感, 生态监测, 文献计量分析

Abstract:

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have brought technological changes and development opportunities for research in the field of ecological monitoring by remote sensing. Over the past ten years, international scholars have actively conducted research in this field and published many papers, but there have been few reports on the overall development process and research progress in this field. Based on the relevant literature in the Web of Science database between 2004 and 2018, this study analyzed the number of annual papers, authors, countries, institutions, periodicals, keywords, etc., by means of bibliometric statistics and visualization. From the bibliometric perspective, the development process and research progress of international UAV ecological remote sensing monitoring are evaluated. The results show that 381 documents in this field are from 1598 scholars from 646 institutions in 62 countries. From 2004 to 2012, a total of 29 papers were published, with an average of 3.22 articles per year. The number of documents grew slowly. A total of 352 articles were published from 2013 to 2018, with an average of 58.67 articles per year, which shows the explosive growth of the volume of publications. With the advancement of remote sensing technology, UAV remote sensing has become widely used in ecological monitoring. Zarco–Tejada P J (9 papers), Lucieer A (8 papers), and Lopez–Granados F (7 papers) are the top three scholars in the field. USA (101 papers), China (66 papers), and Spain (43 papers) have the greatest comprehensive research strength. The United States Department of Agriculture (24 papers), Spanish National Research Council (24 papers), and Chinese Academy of Sciences (19 papers) lead the world in terms of publications. Although there are many scholars around the world engaged in research in this field, there are relatively few academic exchanges and cooperation between international scholars. Remote Sensing, International Journal of Remote Sensing, and Precision Agriculture are the main journals that publish the literature in this field. In addition to the keywords (unmanned aerial vehicle, drone) used for searching, keywords such as precision agriculture, vegetation indices, and forest inventory are used with high frequency. This result shows that the application of UAV remote sensing in precision agriculture and vegetation survey has always been the focus of research in this field. UAV remote sensing has been applied to monitoring research in many ecological fields in China, and is in a leading position in the world. In order to promote the research on UAV ecological remote sensing monitoring, strengthening exchanges and cooperation between scholars at home and abroad, enhancing technological innovation, and broadening the scope of applications of the field of ecological monitoring are recommended.

Key words: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, remote sensing, ecological monitoring, bibliometric analysis