热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 27-39.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003204

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

粤港澳大湾区建设国际科技创新中心的战略思考

叶玉瑶1,2, 王景诗1, 吴康敏1,2, 杜志威1, 王洋1, 何淑仪1, 刘郑倩1   

  1. 1. a. 广州地理研究所;b. 广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
    2. 粤港澳大湾区战略研究院,广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-22 修回日期:2019-12-10 出版日期:2020-01-10 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 作者简介:叶玉瑶(1980—),女,四川乐山人,博士,研究员,研究方向为城市群与区域发展战略,(E-mail)yeyuyao@gdas.ac.cn 。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41671130);国家自然科学基金项目(41671128);广东省科学院实施创新驱动发展能力建设专项(2016GDASRC0101);粤港澳大湾区战略研究院建设及科技决策咨询研究(20192019GDASYL-0202001)

Strategic Thinking Regarding Building an International Science and Technology Innovation Center in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Ye Yuyao1,2, Wang Jingshi1, Wu Kangmin1,2, Du Zhiwei1, Wang Yang1, He Shuyi1, Liu Zhengqian1   

  1. 1. a. Guangzhou Institute of Geography; b. Guangdong Public Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2. Institute of Strategy Research for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, Guangzhou 510070, China
  • Received:2019-10-22 Revised:2019-12-10 Online:2020-01-10 Published:2020-02-24

摘要:

基于对全球创新格局与趋势的探讨,以及对国际科技创新中心内涵与特性的解读,剖析了粤港澳大湾区当前建设国际科技创新中心所具备的优势与面临的挑战,并对科技创新中心建设提出几点战略性的思考。当前粤港澳大湾区正处于整体迈进知识经济时期,创新要素在地理空间上高度集聚,创新生态条件不断完善,创新全球化的影响在区域内初显,拥有雄厚的制造业基础,市场对创新的需求极为可观,基本具备建设国际科技创新中心的条件。但同时,我们应该看到由于粤港澳一体化的制度障碍以及巨大的区域内部差距,粤港澳大湾区的创新发展还存在创新要素聚而不联、创新要素流动不畅、体制机制转换对接困难、关键核心技术受制于人等现实挑战。在充分发挥粤港澳互补优势、补齐短板的基础上,粤港澳大湾区应立足源头创新,将建设国际产业创新策源地作为立区之本;实施产业驱动,将建设国际产业科技创新中心作为核心功能;推进制度创新,将建设协同创新示范区作为关键突破。以源头创新促产业创新,以制度改革推协同创新,最终实现粤港澳大湾区创新协同与一体化融合发展。

关键词: 全球科技创新中心, 粤港澳大湾区, 科技创新, 协同创新

Abstract:

As capital’s pursuit of knowledge has become an increasingly significant global trend, scientific and technological innovations have gradually replaced the development mode of factor-driven and resource consumption, supporting as the driving force of economic development in the new era by influencing the industry transformation and promoting new formats, along with fundamentally guiding the transformation of the leading functions of cities or regions toward scientific and technological innovation. Furthermore, the economic competition among cities or regions around the world is more prominently manifested in the competition of science and technology. As the embodiment and core support of a country’s comprehensive scientific and technological strengths, a scientific and technological innovation center could play a significant value-added role by occupying a leading, dominant position in the global value grid. This is an important measure for many countries and regions to cope with the challenges of each new round of scientific and technological innovations. Moreover, it also enhances national competitiveness. Based on the discussion of global innovation patterns and trends, as well as the interpretation of the connotation and characteristics of international technology innovation centers, this paper analyzes the advantages and challenges that the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area might face in constructing a global technology innovation center, and some strategies are suggested for the future development. At present, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area are in a period of entering knowledge economy as a whole, wherein innovation elements are highly concentrated geographically, and innovation ecological conditions are constantly improved. The impact of innovation globalization is emerging in this region, and the demand for innovation is as strong as the manufacturing industry foundation within this area. The basic conditions for the construction of an international science and technology innovation center are sufficient. However, owing to institutional obstacles in integrating Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and the huge intra-regional gap, some practical challenges in innovation development of this region still exist, such as the disconnection of innovation elements, the unsmooth internal flow of innovation elements, the difficulty of system-mechanism transformation, and the dilemma of relying on importation of core technologies. To take benefit from the favorable characteristics of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and mitigate any inherent shortcoming, the construction should be based on the establishing of a hotbed of international industrial innovation. In the meantime, this region should choose the construction of an international industrial science and technology innovation center as its core priority. This will accelerate institutional innovation and consider the construction of collaborative innovation demonstration zone as the key to breakthrough. Boost industrial innovation by enhancing the ability of original innovation, promote collaborative innovation by institutional reform, and finally realize the coordinated and integrated development of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area’s innovation.

Key words: Global Science and Technology Innovation Center, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, technological innovation, collaborative innovation

中图分类号: 

  • F127