热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 217-228.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003327

• 城市地理 •    下一篇

中国建设用地错配时空特征、驱动机制及空间效应

张俊峰1(), 王聪聪2, 徐磊3, 翁煜炜1   

  1. 1.中南财经政法大学,公共管理学院,武汉 430073
    2.中南财经政法大学,工商管理学院,武汉 430073
    3.河北农业大学国土资源学院,河北 保定 071001
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-11 修回日期:2020-08-30 出版日期:2021-03-31 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 作者简介:张俊峰(1988—),男,河南淮滨人,副教授,主要研究方向为土地资源经济、土地利用与管理,(E-mail)13476284344@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目“土地资源禀赋空间异质、资源错配与效率改进:以武汉城市圈为例”(71603288);教育部人文社科研究项目“土地资源空间异质性、作用机制及差别化土地政策研究:以武汉城市圈为例”(16YJC790133);河北省高等学校社科研究2019年度基金项目:基于“三生”功能的京津冀城市群国土空间重构路径研究(SQ191017)

Spatial Effect of Construction Land Misallocation in China: An Empirical Analysis Based on Data o 235 Cities

Junfeng Zhang1(), Congcong Wang2, Lei Xu3, Yuwei Weng1   

  1. 1.School of Public Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
    2.School of Business Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, Wuhan 430073, China
    3.College of Land Resources, Hebei Agricultural University, Baoding 071001, China
  • Received:2020-06-11 Revised:2020-08-30 Online:2021-03-31 Published:2021-04-27

摘要:

在阐述建设用地错配机制的基础上,构建建设用地错配测度模型和错配机制计量模型,重点探讨中国2001-2016年城市建设用地错配时空特征、驱动机制及其空间效应。结果表明:1)中国建设用地错配呈现先下降后上升的发展趋势和西高东低的空间分布格局;2)中国建设用地错配及其影响因素呈现空间集聚与关联特征,但空间关联效应有减弱态势;3)土地财政依赖、产业结构优化、市场发育完善对建设用地错配具有显著的负向影响;4)政府腐败和经济发展对建设用地错配具有显著的正向影响且存在空间溢出效应。中国建设用地错配普遍存在且有上升态势,转变经济发展方式、加大政府腐败治理力度、完善市场机制和区域一体化建设能够有效缓解区域建设用地错配。

关键词: 建设用地错配, 驱动机制, 空间效应, 空间杜宾模型, 中国

Abstract:

China's social and economic development is currently transitional. There is great incompatibility between the traditional construction land allocation model and the requirements of social and economic development, marked by a prominent contradiction between the supply and demand of construction land that has severely restricted the sustained and healthy development of China's social economy. Improving the efficiency of land resource allocation has become a new driving force for economic growth. With the limited driving power of this factor input for economic development, it is important to explore the occurrence and mechanism of rare construction land resource misallocation to secure the structural benefits of construction land allocation and sustainable economic development, as correcting construction land misallocation would greatly advance land supply-side reform and improve the efficiency of land resource allocation. To explain the mechanism of construction land misallocation, the article builds models for the measurement of both construction land misallocation and its mechanism, applying methods such as spatial autocorrelation model and the spatial Dubin model (SDM). Using these models, we focus on the space-time characteristics, driving factors, and spatial effects of construction land misallocation in China from 2001 to 2016. The sample data in this article come from 235 prefecture-level cities in China. The results show that the misallocation of construction land in China tends to decrease, followed by an increase, with a spatial distribution high in the West and low in the East. There were obvious spatial agglomeration and association features of construction land misallocation and its influencing factors in China, but the spatial correlation effect has weakened. Land financial dependence, industrial structure optimization, and market development have a significant negative impact on construction land misallocation, while government corruption and economic development have a significant positive impact and exert a space spillover effect. We find that the misallocation of construction land in our country is widespread and shows an upward trend. Changing the mode of economic development, increasing government governance, and improving market mechanisms and regional integration can effectively alleviate the misallocation of regional construction land. This paper is significant in discussing the driving factors of construction land misallocation from both theoretical and empirical perspectives, and in analyzing their spatial effect for the first time. It provides research directions and ideas for quantitatively exploring the problem of land resource misallocation, and indicates a feasible way to correct the misallocation of land resources.

Key words: construction land misallocation, driving mechanism, spatial effect, SDM, China

中图分类号: 

  • F301