热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 657-667.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003357

• 新时期国土空间规划理论、方法与实践(一) •    下一篇

省级国土空间生态修复规划编制的思路与方法

叶玉瑶1,2(), 张虹鸥1,2, 任庆昌3, 宫清华1,2, 吕丹娜1,2, 刘郑倩1,2, 李升发1,2   

  1. 1.广东省科学院广州地理研究所,广州 510070
    2.广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
    3.广东省城乡规划设计研究院有限责任公司,广州 510290
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-11 修回日期:2021-06-18 出版日期:2021-07-05 发布日期:2021-08-13
  • 作者简介:叶玉瑶(1980—),女,四川乐山人,博士,研究员,主要研究方向为城市群空间演化与空间治理,(E-mail)yeyuyao@ gdas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2019YFB2103101);南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(广州)专项(GML2019ZD0301);广东省科学院建设国内一流研究机构行动专项资金项目(2020GDASYL-20200102002);2020年省级促进经济高质量发展专项资金项目(GDNRC[2020]058)

The Thought and Methodology of Ecological Restoration Planning of National Land Space at the Provincial Level: A Case Study of Guangdong Province

Yuyao Ye1,2(), Hong'ou Zhang1,2, Qingchang Ren3, Qinghua Gong1,2, Danna Lyu1,2, Zhengqian Liu1,2, Shengfa Li1,2   

  1. 1.Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    2.Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information, Technology and Application, Guangzhou 510070, China
    3.Guangdong Urban and Rural Planning and Design Institute Company Limited, Guangzhou 510290, China
  • Received:2021-05-11 Revised:2021-06-18 Online:2021-07-05 Published:2021-08-13

摘要:

省级国土空间生态修复规划是新时期各省深入推进生态文明建设的行动指南和纲领性文件,迫切需要多学科交叉的理论与方法支撑。文章从探析国土空间生态修复的科学内涵与理论基础出发,以人地关系地域系统理论框架为指导,融合景观生态学以及基于自然的解决方案,结合广东省国土空间生态修复规划地方实践,聚焦省级国土空间生态修复规划的目标指标、重大格局、分区布局、工程体系等规划重点、难点,提出了省级国土空间生态修复规划的思路与方法,具体概括为:按照“六步走”的整体思路,围绕“四个维度”目标体系,聚焦生态、城镇、农业“三大空间”,推进“重大格局—分区布局—重大工程”3个层次空间布局,形成“格局尺度重大工程、单元尺度重点项目、场地尺度工程措施”3个尺度工程体系布局。

关键词: 国土空间, 生态修复, 规划体系, 人地关系, 景观生态学, 广东省

Abstract:

Unlike previous ecological restoration programs, the main focus of ecological restoration of national land space has changed from a single element in the natural ecology to the whole social-ecological system. The approach of this ecological restoration has changed from applying the pipe-end treatment to a single process to employing system restoration of the community of life consisting of mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes, and seas. Additionally, the aim has evolved from improving the health and stability of the ecological system to building a complex system in which humans and nature can coexist and develop a harmonious relationship. As the research on ecological restoration of national land space is developing a systemic and comprehensive view, it urgently requires support from multidisciplinary theories and methodologies. Ecological restoration planning of national land space at the provincial level is an action guide and programmatic document for provinces to further promote the construction of ecological civilization in this new era. This is a new but arduous and complex strategic task that allows extensive discussion on its research theories and methods. Accordingly, multidisciplinary theories and methods and participation from different parties and places are required. This study begins with the analysis of the scientific connotation and theoretical basis of ecological restoration planning of national land space, uses the man-land relationship theoretical framework as the guidance, integrates landscape ecology and nature-based solutions, and considers the local practice of ecological restoration planning of national land space in Guangdong Province. This paper presents the ideas and methods of provincial-level ecological restoration planning of national land space by focusing on the key points and difficulties, such as targets, indicators, major patterns, regional layout, and engineering systems. This is summarized as follows: the overall thinking of "six steps," the target system of "four dimensions," the zoning task of "three spaces," the spatial layout of "three levels," and the engineering system of "three scales." The study enriches the research on the method of ecological restoration planning of national land space by refining thoughts and methods and providing a reference for the ongoing ecological restoration planning of provincial-level national land space in China.

Key words: land space, ecological restoration, planning system, human-land relationship, landscape ecology, Guangdong Province

中图分类号: 

  • F301.2