热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 975-986.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003377

• 自然地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

泉州湾表层沉积物粒度指示的沉积动力端元解析

王兆夺1(), 于东生2, 汪卫国2, 罗福生2, 汤军健2, 杨金艳2   

  1. 1.黄冈师范学院 地理与旅游学院,湖北 黄冈 438000
    2.自然资源部第三海洋研究所,福建 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-19 修回日期:2021-06-16 出版日期:2021-09-22 发布日期:2021-09-22
  • 作者简介:王兆夺(1984—),男,甘肃会宁人,博士,主要研究方向为全新世环境演变,(E-mail)joedonwang@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(40976037);福建省908专项《福建海湾志》编纂项目;湖北省教育厅项目(19Q187)

End-Member Analysis of Sedimentary Dynamics Indicated by the Grain-Size of Surface Sediments in the Quanzhou Bay

Zhaoduo Wang1(), Dongsheng Yu2, Weiguo Wang2, Fusheng Luo2, Junjian Tang2, Jinyan Yang2   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Tourism, Huanggang Normal University, Huanggang, 438000, China
    2.The Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Xiamen 361005, China
  • Received:2021-05-19 Revised:2021-06-16 Online:2021-09-22 Published:2021-09-22

摘要:

基于前期工作,采取粒度端元分析方法,结合沉积物粒度参数、研究区水深以及水动力等对福建省泉州湾海域采集的65个表层沉积物样品进行了沉积动力学解析判别,量化研究区表层沉积物复杂的沉积动力特征。结果表明:样品粒度数据中可以至少分离出4个不同的端元组分,其粒径范围大致分布在0.2~200、20~30、50~500、80~1 000 μm,可能分别代表了水动力较弱的滞流沉积作用环境、台风作用下的改造作用、潮汐作用下的较强的水动力以及人类活动作用下的扰动作用。由于沉积动力的持续进行及分选沉积作用,可能掩盖了粒度的物源效应,所以只呈现出不同的沉积动力学特点。

关键词: 表层沉积物, 粒度, 端元解析, 沉积动力, 泉州湾

Abstract:

Quanzhou Bay, the main port on the southeast coast of China, is the origin of the Maritime Silk Road. The landform is a semi-closed shelf bay. Two rivers, the Jinjiang and Luoyang, carry sediments to the bay and are connected to the Taiwan Strait. Sediment is also introduced to the bay from the open sea. Human activities have a strong influence on the bay, as does the occasional typhoon. Quanzhou Bay is characterized as a complex hydrodynamic environment with multi-source deposits. Grain size is an important indicator of the sedimentological characteristics of loose sediments, and it can reflect mixed sedimentary dynamics, sedimentary environment, and provenance. The End-Member Analysis method has the advantage of separating the mixed sedimentary dynamic components and has been widely used in sedimentology research. Many researchers have studied the sedimentological characteristics of Quanzhou Bay. However, further work on the identification of the dynamic components using End-Member Analysis methods is necessary to supplement previous work. In view of this, the present study adopts the particle size End-Member Analysis method, combined with sediment grain size parameters, water depth, and hydrodynamic forces, to analyze the sedimentation dynamics of 65 surface sediment samples collected in Quanzhou Bay of Fujian Province. Based on this analysis, we concluded that: (1) Owing to the continuous progress of sedimentary dynamics, separation, and sedimentation, provenance cannot be determined from grain size analyses, and only sedimentary kinetic characteristics can be defined; (2) Quanzhou Bay sediments are superimposed with at least four different dynamic end-member components. The distribution of the fine-grained End-Member components represented by EM 1 on the Quanzhou Bay area plane is generally corresponds to the weaker tidal hydrodynamics area. Therefore, we infer that this may represent a stagnant sedimentary environment with weak hydrodynamics. The EM 2 components, are somewhat high in the southern part of the bay mouth, and are relatively stable and with uniform distribution elsewhere in the bay. Considering the effect of tidal currents and the attenuation of tidal action in some areas, EM 2 components may represent the sedimentary dynamic environment of reworking under the action of typhoon storms. EM 3 and EM 1 components show an anti-correlation trend, which often occurs in areas with strong hydrodynamic forces. Therefore, EM 3 may be associated with a strong sedimentary dynamic environment under the action of tidal currents. The EM 4 component is generally higher in the northern part of the bay and in the estuary, but lower around the islands. This spatial distribution is likely to be caused by comprehensive human activities. There are many artificial sand-piling areas near Xiutu, and many cross-sea projects in the sea area north of Shihu, such as the wharf on the north bank east of Xiutu and the Cross-sea Bridge of Quanzhou Bay. The area affected by these projects coincides with high values of EM 4. The research in this paper is of progressive significance for a quantitative understanding of the complex sedimentary dynamics of Quanzhou Bay. Concurrently, by analyzing the dynamics and processes of sediment accumulation in the bay, a reference can be provided for channel dredging, utilization, and management for coastal zone development.

Key words: sediment, grain size, End-member analysis, sedimentary dynamics, the Quanzhou Bay

中图分类号: 

  • P736