热带地理 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 579-591.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003459

• 社会文化地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

情感地理视角下脱贫村农户情感重构——以湖南省十八洞村为例

陈驰蕊1,2(), 何峰1,2(), 汤放华1,3,4   

  1. 1.湖南师范大学 地理科学学院, 长沙 410082
    2.地理空间大数据挖掘与应用湖南省重点实验室, 长沙 410082
    3.湖南城市学院, 湖南 益阳 413000
    4.数字化城乡空间规划关键技术湖南省重点实验室, 湖南 益阳 413000
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-11 修回日期:2021-12-05 出版日期:2022-04-05 发布日期:2022-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 何峰 E-mail:1032766975@qq.com;hefeng@ hunnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈驰蕊(1994—),女,江苏宿迁人,硕士研究生,研究方向为文化和自然遗产研究与旅游规划,(E-mail)1032766975@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    湖南省教育厅科学研究重点项目(20A318);湖南省哲学社会科学基金重点项目(19YBA227)

Emotional Reconstruction of Farmers in Poverty-Alleviated Villages from the Perspective of Emotional Geography: A Case Study of Shibadong Village in Hunan Province

Chirui Chen1,2(), Feng He1,2(), Fanghua Tang1,3,4   

  1. 1.College of Geographical Sciences, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410082, China
    2.Hunan Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application, Changsha 410082, China
    3.Hunan City University, Yiyang 413000, China
    4.Key Laboratory of Key Technologies of Digital Urban-Rural Spatial Planning of Hunan Province, Yiyang 413000, China
  • Received:2021-08-11 Revised:2021-12-05 Online:2022-04-05 Published:2022-04-25
  • Contact: Feng He E-mail:1032766975@qq.com;hefeng@ hunnu.edu.cn

摘要:

以湖南省花垣县十八洞村为案例地,以“留守”农户和“返乡”农户为研究对象,基于情感地理视角,通过深度访谈法和参与式观察法探究了精准扶贫政策影响下农户情感重构及其重构机制。结果表明:1)脱贫村农户情感重构主要包括归属感、幸福感、风险厌恶感、相对剥夺感和失落感5个维度的重构,这些维度相互影响、相互制约。2)精准扶贫政策的实施使得脱贫村农户地方归属感上升,幸福感增强,风险厌恶感下降。然而,扶贫力度的不均衡导致农户间的相对剥夺感增强,传统文化的消解和社会关系的重构等使得农户产生失落感。3)在脱贫村农户情感重构过程中,农户认知是核心力量,政府行动起主导作用,企业行动发挥辅助作用。政府和企业行动通过重构乡村地域系统的物质空间、经济空间和社会空间刺激乡村地域主体即农户认知转变,继而引发情感的重构。

关键词: 情感地理, 情感地理, 情感重构, 情感重构, 农户, 农户, 脱贫村, 脱贫村, 精准扶贫政策, 精准扶贫政策, 十八洞村, 十八洞村

Abstract:

The aim of rural revitalization is to improve the prosperity of farmers. However, farmers are not purely "economics-driven people." In fact, their behavioral logic is driven by internal emotions, which can affect the external environment. At the same time, changes in the external environment can alter a farmer's emotions toward the place. Therefore, research on the emotional reconstruction of farmers in villages where poverty has been alleviated is not only conducive to guiding the direction of construction and governance of such villages and maintaining their harmonious and stable development but also helpful for retaining "returning" farmers. These farmers make up for the absence of the "main body" of the economic development of the village, all of which is significant for the smooth realization of effective connections between poverty alleviation and rural revitalization. For this article, Shibadong Village in Huayuan County, Hunan Province was chosen as the case study, with the "left behind" farmers and "returning" farmers in the village as the research subjects. From the perspective of emotional geography, we used in-depth interviews and participatory observation methods to explore the emotional reconstruction of the farmers and the related mechanism involved under the influence of the targeted poverty alleviation policy. The research showed that 1) the emotional reconstruction of farmers in poverty-alleviated villages mainly includes the reconstruction of five perceptions sense of belonging, sense of happiness, sense of risk aversion, sense of relative deprivation, and sense of loss. 2) The implementation of the targeted poverty alleviation policy has optimized or improved the material space, industrial structure, economic income, and governance services of poverty-alleviated villages, resulting in increases in the farmers' senses of local belonging and happiness and a decrease in their sense of risk aversion. However, an imbalance in poverty alleviation efforts leads to an enhancement of their sense of relative deprivation. The dissolution of traditional cultures and the reconstruction of social relationships result in the farmers feeling lost. These five senses of emotions affect and restrict one another. 3) In the process of emotional reconstruction of farmers in poverty-alleviated villages, the cognition of the individuals is the core force of the process. However, farmers find it difficult to make long-term and wise decisions because of their low cognitive level, which is not conducive to the positive development of emotions. As the leading force driving the emotional reconstruction of farmers, the government—through various poverty alleviation measures—coordinates the order of other individuals participating in poverty alleviation governance, optimizes the rural regional system in the poverty relief village, and improves the farmers' cognition to reshape their local emotions. Enterprises play an auxiliary role in this process, participating in poverty alleviation in various ways. In addition, they facilitate the market economy in optimizing the allocation of resources and improving both the efficiency of poverty alleviation and the resilience of poverty-alleviated villages to resist risks. To consolidate the achievements of poverty alleviation and realize rural revitalization, poverty-alleviated villages should take relevant measures based on the characteristics of emotional space, time, sociality, and hierarchy to cultivate positive emotions, and reduce negative ones, in the farmers. Use of the "place-emotion-behavior" analysis model is helpful for elucidating the interactive processes between the emotions, behaviors, and social material environments of farmers and the significance of those individuals in the reconstruction of the rural regional system in the context of macro policies. This article provides a useful reference for promoting the effective connection between targeted poverty alleviation and rural revitalization.

Key words: emotional geography, emotional geography, emotional reconstruction, emotional reconstruction, farmer, farmer, poverty-alleviated villages, poverty-alleviated villages, targeted poverty alleviation policy, targeted poverty alleviation policy, Shibadong Village, Shibadong Village

中图分类号: 

  • K901