热带地理 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (4): 605-615.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003462

• 城市地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

长江中游城市群潜在增长城市时空演变特征

吴青青1(), 钟业喜1(), 吴思雨1, 毛炜圣2   

  1. 1.江西师范大学 地理与环境学院//江西区域发展研究院,南昌 330022
    2.华东师范大学 城市与区域科学学院,上海 200241
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-18 修回日期:2021-07-06 出版日期:2022-04-05 发布日期:2022-04-25
  • 通讯作者: 钟业喜 E-mail:wuqingqing977@163.com;zhongyexi@126.com
  • 作者简介:吴青青(1996―),四川遂宁人,硕士研究生,主要从事经济地理与空间规划研究,(E-mail)wuqingqing977@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41961043);江西省高校研究生创新基金(YC2020-S151)

Evolution of Urban Spatial Patterns in a Potential Growth City in the Middle Yangtze Urban Agglomeration

Qingqing Wu1(), Yexi Zhong1(), Siyu Wu1, Weisheng Mao2   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Environment/Jiangxi Institute of Economic Development, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China
    2.School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
  • Received:2021-05-18 Revised:2021-07-06 Online:2022-04-05 Published:2022-04-25
  • Contact: Yexi Zhong E-mail:wuqingqing977@163.com;zhongyexi@126.com

摘要:

通过改进引力模型和地缘系数,测算长江中游城市群先行政治、经济增长极的引力,探究潜在增长极的时空演化格局。结果表明:1)长江中游城市群潜在发展城市中心性分布不均,湖南、湖北、江西省分别呈“高值均衡化”“双核心化”“单核心化”特征。2)绝对地缘系数区域差异显著,湖南、江西两省具有“中心低、四周高”的特点,3个城市子群内部联系更多,存在省域行政切割现象;最佳地缘系数呈“双峰”型,受城市地缘政治引力影响较大的城市发展情况稍好于受经济引力影响较大的城市。3)潜在增长城市“边缘性”特征明显,集中于城市群周边,重心在西南方。结合城市发展潜力与城市群协调发展的现实需要,明确株洲、襄阳和九江3个一级增长极以及衡阳、宜昌和新余3个二级潜在增长极。

关键词: 潜在增长城市, 改进引力模型, 地缘系数, 长江中游城市群

Abstract:

Since the Reform and Opening Up, urban agglomerations have developed rapidly. However, issues in the developmental process such as destruction of the ecological environment and uncoordinated internal development have hindered high-quality development, and the question of how to ensure the optimal development of urban agglomerations has received wide attention worldwide.The trend of development of urban agglomerations has been towards polycentric cities, with the middle reaches of the Yangtze River urban agglomeration comprising three city subgroups with obvious polycentric structure. However, Wuhan metropolitan area has an obvious centric structure; and the growth pole of Poyang Lake urban agglomeration is not prominent, the interactive development of peripheral cities of the Changzhutan urban agglomeration is insufficient, and the internal development of the urban agglomeration is uncoordinated. To promote the coordinated and sustainable development of the middle reaches of Yangtze River urban agglomeration, the gravity of the leading political and economic growth poles of the middle reaches of Yangtze River urban agglomeration was examined while improving the gravity model and geo-coefficient. The potential urban development of each prefecture-level city in the urban agglomeration was measured, the evolution of the spatial structure of the potential growth cities was explored, and the potential growth poles in the region were confirmed by combining the needs of coordinated development of the urban agglomeration. The study aimed to promote the regional economy to the level of high-quality development through optimizing the spatial structure of urban agglomerations, to provide explorative directions for promoting coordinated development of large, medium, and small cities. The study showed that 1) the potential development cities in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River urban agglomeration were unevenly distributed, with Hunan, Hubei, and Jiangxi provinces, respectively, having "high-value equalization", "double-core" and "single-core" network structures. 2) The absolute geopolitical coefficients had clear geographical differentiation. The geopolitical coefficients of cities outside Hubei were mostly smaller than the medians, meaning that the economic gravity was smaller than the political gravity, whereas the three urban subgroups had more internal connections while there were relatively few links between provinces. Hunan and Jiangxi provinces were characterized as "low center and high surroundings". The best geopolitical coefficients were of "bimodal" form and the development level of cities that were under the influence of political gravity was better than for those under the influence of economic gravity. (3) The potential growth cities had characteristics of "marginality" and were concentrated in the southwest and the periphery of urban clusters. In 2017, the overall potential development of Hunan Province was similar to that of its urban centers, tending to be "high-value balanced". It was the province with the greatest potential for cultivating potential growth cities. The "siphoning effect" of Wuhan City was obvious, and the cities with slight potential were the most "marginalized" in the Hubei Province owing to their geopolitical distance. Urban development in Jiangxi Province was more erratic, and its overall potential development was not outstanding. (4) Three primary growth poles in Zhuzhou, Xiangyang, and Jiujiang and three secondary potential growth poles with realistic needs in Hengyang, Yichang, and Xinyu were identified by combining the potential and coordinated development of urban clusters.

Key words: potential growth city, improved gravity model, geopolitical coefficient, the middle Yangtze urban agglomeration

中图分类号: 

  • F299.21