热带地理 ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1190-1200.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003520

• 海南—南海治理政策 • 上一篇    下一篇

论南海海洋治理——基于墨家哲学在新型国际关系上的嵌入

余吉安1(), 薛芮2()   

  1. 1.北京林业大学 经济管理学院,北京 100083
    2.宁波大学 中法联合学院,浙江 宁波 315211
  • 收稿日期:2022-02-27 修回日期:2022-04-19 出版日期:2022-07-05 发布日期:2022-07-23
  • 通讯作者: 薛芮 E-mail:yja09@tsinghua.org.cn;ennishsueh@sina.com
  • 作者简介:余吉安(1979―),男,江苏南京人,教授,博士,博士生导师,研究方向为中国式管理、战略创新与商业模式、科技创新,(E-mail)yja09@tsinghua.org.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家林业和草原局“绿色‘一带一路’战略研究”(202007ZX001)

A Study of the Maritime Governance in South China Sea Based on the Embedding of Mohist Philosophy in New International Relations

Ji'an Yu1(), Rui Xue2()   

  1. 1.School of Economics & Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
    2.Ningbo University-University of Angers Joint Institute at Ningbo, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2022-02-27 Revised:2022-04-19 Online:2022-07-05 Published:2022-07-23
  • Contact: Rui Xue E-mail:yja09@tsinghua.org.cn;ennishsueh@sina.com

摘要:

立足于中国哲学与地缘政治相融合的视角,通过解构地缘政治视角下的南海海洋治理问题,对比分析百家争鸣中墨家哲学对南海治理的价值作用,针对南海海洋治理提取墨家哲学的理念要点,尝试构建墨家哲学在南海海洋治理上的实践指导体系,研究表明:1)域内治理目标的不清晰和治理保障的不落地,以及域外大国的介入和国际组织发挥的作用有限,共同造成南海海洋治理的困境。2)南海海洋治理以自然海洋与人文海洋的统一为治理客体,以主权国家为最主要的行为主体,需要国家主体间的协同治理。3)从墨家哲学中提取1个核心要点、3个指导要义和4个关键要素,应用于南海海洋治理。在战略功能上以“兼爱非攻”和“义利一体”为价值取向,打破现实主义国际关系局限,以“功利主义”和“志功合一”为行为标准,促进新型国际关系合作;在实操路径上,要嵌入墨家哲学的“法”要素,以规范和标准为牵引,并嵌入墨家哲学的“求”“节”“巧”要素,以科技创新为驱动。

关键词: 南海, 海洋治理, 地缘政治, 墨家哲学, 新型国际关系, 人类命运共同体

Abstract:

The fluidity of the ocean makes maritime governance both a local and global issue. Effective maritime governance in the South China Sea needs to be guided by the principles of new international relations and the maritime community of a shared future, take a different path from traditional Western geopolitical ideas, and fully integrate the wisdom of Chinese philosophy. Based on the perspective of the integration of Chinese philosophy and geopolitics, we deconstructed the issue of maritime governance in the South China Sea from the perspective of geopolitics, elaborated and extracted the key points of Mohist philosophy for maritime governance in the South China Sea, and built a geopolitical strategic system of maritime governance in the South China Sea based on Mohist philosophy embedded in new international relations. The main conclusions were as follows: (1) the unclear governance objectives within the region, the failure of governance guarantees, the intervention of foreign powers, and the limited role of international organizations has resulted in a dilemma regarding maritime governance in the South China Sea. (2) The South China Sea Ocean Governance takes the unity of the natural ocean and the human ocean as the governance objects and sovereign states as the main actors. (3) One core point, three guiding principles, and four key elements were extracted from Mohist philosophy and applied to the maritime governance of the South China Sea. On the basis of this concept, we should consider "love non-aggression" and "integration of justice and benefit" as the value orientations, and "utilitarianism" and "unity of ambition and work" as the standards of behavior. From a practical standpoint, we should embed the "law" elements of Mohist philosophy; take law as the traction; and embed the "seeking", "saving", and "skillful" elements of Mohist philosophy, driven by scientific and technological innovation.

Key words: South China Sea, ocean governance, geopolitics, Mohist philosophy, new international relations, human community with a shared future

中图分类号: 

  • K901.4