›› 1986, Vol. 6 ›› Issue (1): 73-76.

• 开发宝岛 • 上一篇    下一篇

发展琼西南部冬种西瓜生产

谢国干   

  1. 海南大学农学部热作系
  • 出版日期:1986-01-30 发布日期:1986-01-30

PROMOTE PRODUCTION OF WINTER WATER MELON IN SOUTHWEST HAINAN ISLAND

XIE Guogan   

  1. Tropical Crops Department, Hainan University
  • Online:1986-01-30 Published:1986-01-30

摘要: 西瓜属葫芦科、蔓性一年生植物.原产非洲热带地方,性喜高温、干燥气候,耐干旱,怕寒冷,怕水渍,是一种栽培历史悠久的作物.我国于唐代已有栽培西瓜的记载,因其来自西域,故名西瓜.据清代吴其溶所著《植物名实图考》中所述:"西瓜,<日用本草>始著录,谓契丹破回纥,始得此种,疑今之哈密瓜之类,入中国而形味变成此瓜".据明代李时珍所著《本草纲目》一书记载,我国于唐代(公元618—961年)从新疆边境引种西瓜,"南北皆有"种植.由此可见,我国栽培西瓜历史之悠久.

Abstract: Plantation of winter water melon, which is favourite in oversea markets, is a traditional agricultural production in Hainan Island. The southwestern part of Hainan is located in the tropical zone. Its climate, plentiful sunshine, warm and a little of rainfall in winter, is favourable for winter water melon Along the coastal area in Changjiang, Dongfang, Ledong counties and Sanya, there are widespread undeveloped land can be used for melon cultivation and be built into an important melon production base for exportation. To promote winter water melon production in southwestern Hainan, the following proposes is suggested: I.a great number of talented scientists and agronomists should be organized; 2, emphasizing variety renovation and collection of information from abroad; 3. a transportation and service network should be set up; 4. effective and flexible administrative policies for agricultural products exportation should be adopted.