›› 1987, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (3): 281-288.

• 开发宝岛 • 上一篇    下一篇

刀耕火种在海南岛的历史演变刍议

司徒尚纪   

  1. 中山大学地理系
  • 出版日期:1987-07-30 发布日期:1987-07-30

A TENTATIVE INQUIRY INTO THE HISTORICAL CHANGES OF SLASH-AND-BURN CULTIVATION IN HAINAN ISLAND

Situ Shangji   

  1. Department of Geography, Zhongshan University
  • Online:1987-07-30 Published:1987-07-30

摘要: 刀耕火种,一种原始的土地开发方式,曾在世界各地和各民族中普遍存在过.随着生产技术的进步及人们对其危害性认识的加深,这种原始的土地开发方式早已被放弃.可是在海南岛,至今还没有完全绝迹.近年全岛刀耕火种和火烧山面积达300万亩,占全岛面积的6%,在东方县坝王岭,它的海拔高度甚至达到800米.

Abstract: Slash-and-burn,a primitive way of farming.has been practicing in Hainan Island for a long time and is now a serious problem of land use there.The author states that slash-and-bum remains a longer period in the island than in the continental China is because of the following:widespread dry regions are suitable for rough and drought-resistant crops;large areas of forests can survive occasional and provide condition for slash-and-bum;sparse populated areas make rotation farming possible;shifting farming is made smart because of the low productivity of the national minorities,the later built-up of irrigation system and the less-developed cultivation;slash-and-bum can help habilants to drive out the miasma and tropical diseases and therefore the environment in mountainous regions is better;poor communication and transportation make it with an more difficult to;and also,slash-and-burn provides poor immigrants easier way to live.