Abstract：Hot springs were wildly used for sightseeing, ablution, health caring and other recreational activities in ancient China. On the basis of systematic survey of the related historical hot spring data, this paper analyses the composing elements, forms and characteristics of ancient hot spring tourism landscapes. The conclusions are as follows: The landscapes of ancient hot spring can be classified into two types including single scenery and composite scenery. The single scenery was small scale hot spring landscape unit, which was composed of springhead, spring water, motion state, color, and hot spring organism, while the composite scenery was a complex of hot spring water, rocks, buildings, and plants, which constituted an integrated beautiful landscape. Some particular hot spring landscapes became local famous scenic spots. In ancient China local people in a region often selected their famous scenic spots to form a group of scenes, known as the Eight Scenes, the Ten Scenes, or the Twelve Scenes, in which hot spring landscapes were usually included. Each scene was always named with a phrase of four Chinese characters, describing the beautiful scenery briefly and artistically, and so the region could be well known for its famous group of scenes. The study of ancient hot spring landscapes would give useful enlightenment to the development and construction of modern hot spring tourism.