›› 1987, Vol. 7 ›› Issue (2): 138-145.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

韶关市水力资源的开发利用

陈琴德   

  1. 广州地理研究所
  • 出版日期:1987-04-30 发布日期:1987-04-30

EXPLOITATION AND UTILIZATION OF WA TERPO VNER RESOURCES IN SHAOGUAN CITY

Chen Qinde   

  1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography
  • Online:1987-04-30 Published:1987-04-30

摘要: 水力资源是一种理想能源。从其成因看,属可再生的一次能源。水汽循环,周而复始,逐年更续,取之不竭。韶关市水力资源丰富。其可开发水力资源,按能源热值折算,约合290万吨标准煤,或43.5万吨原煤,大致相当于目前广东省每年调入煤炭的总和。我省能源不足,属一次能源的煤炭保有量不多;油页岩较丰富,但如何利用尚待研究;生物能(柴草秸秆)将逐步被其它能源取代。因此,充分利用本市水力资源,加速其开发利用,是解决我省能源问题的重要途径之一。

Abstract: Shaoguan City,belonging mainly to the Beijiang River basin and with a catchment area of 30 684KM2,is located at the northern mountainous region of Guangdong Province.Owing to its numerous rivers with plentiful water and high fall heads,Shaoguan is an area with the richest waterpower resources in Guangdong Province.This paper mainly deals with the following problems:1.Waterpower resources and its distributional characteristics.The total theoretical reserve and the total workable reserve of waterpower resources in this city are 2393 800 KW and 1724 200KW respertively,and they are distributed mainly in the middle-lower reaches of the Beijiang River,especially the Wushui River,the Nanshui River and the Lianjiang River.The workable reserve of mentioned above rivers is 998 300KM or 57.9 percent of the total amount.2.The present situation of exploitation and utilization In 1983,536 small hydro-power stations,with a total installed capacity of 236 100KW and an annual gross generation Lof 735 million KW.H,were set up.These stations,dominated with small-scale ones,are now scattered extensively everywhere in Shaoguan city area.Most of these stations are runoff-power stations,having unsteady output.Their social benefits are remarkable,while economic benefits are lower. 3.In order to raise the economic benefits of the small hydropower stations,the author suggests:(1)Carrying out the special guiding principle and policy to run the power stations;(2)Performing the regulative function of the reservoirs well;(3)Strengthening the transformation and construction of the power net;(4)Raising the level of using electricity;(5)Making a success of the regulation of the power stations.