热带地理 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (4): 463-470.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002717

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

建国初期西方住区规划思想本土化特例 ——广州华侨新村

王 敏,袁振杰,赵美婷   

  1. (华南师范大学 地理科学学院,广州 510631)
  • 出版日期:2015-07-03 发布日期:2015-07-03
  • 作者简介:王敏(1981―),女,广东人,博士,博士后,主要从事建筑地理学、社区感知、城市形态等方面的研究,(E-mail)scutminmin@hotmail.com。
  • 基金资助:

    广东省自然科学基金(S2013040014210);国家自然科学基金(41401141、41071106)

Special Case of the Localization of Western Residential District Planning Theory in New China: Huaqiaoxincun, Guangzhou

WANG Min,YUAN Zhenjie,ZHAO Meiting   

  1. (School of Geography Science,South China Normal University,Guangzhou 510631,China)
  • Online:2015-07-03 Published:2015-07-03

摘要:

文章以广州华侨新村为对象,通过收集历史文本、实地勘查和深度访谈,总结了在建国初期城市居住区规划和建设中,中西规划建设思想的对碰和融合。研究发现,广州华侨新村是在公有制和计划经济背景下特殊存在的首批带私有性质的居住区类型,住区总体空间布局、街道系统及建筑设计(平面、户型、层数等)体现了与同一时期苏化和单位制度下的工人新村不同的规划思想,是融合了岭南特殊的地方和人文特性后所产生的具有西方现代特征的居住小区。文章指明了现代城市规划开端时期的中西方规划思想的交集和实践的历史,探讨了这一时期中国住区规划与世界住区规划的思想交互和对话及其所产生的学科意义。

关键词: 住区规划, 规划思想, 形态, 华侨新村, 广州, 本土化

Abstract:

A pivotal transition of the history of urban planning in China occurred in the early days of the PRC. This paper aims to analyze the dialogue between Chinese and Western planning theories through conducting a case study of Huaqiaoxincun (Overseas Chinese New Residential Quarter) in Guangzhou. Huaqiaoxincun is the first private residential district in socialism China, representing the characters of modern residential district which was different from other worker residential districts in the same historical period. We argue that the distinctiveness of Huaqiaoxincun in the history of urban planning in China should be emphasized. This paper contributes to the discussion of the history of urban planning in China, presenting a case study that articulates the fusion of the Chinese and Western theories and thoughts in residential district planning.

Key words: residential district planning, planning theory, localization, Huaqiaoxincun, Guangzhou