热带地理 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (4): 556-563.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002859

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

旅游地民居景观形态演变中的旅游地方化建构

汤国荣,章锦河,孙晋坤,彭红松,张瑜   

  1. (南京大学 国土资源与旅游学系,南京 210023)
  • 收稿日期:2016-01-19 出版日期:2016-07-05 发布日期:2016-07-05
  • 通讯作者: 章锦河(1970―),男,安徽望江人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事旅游规划与管理、区域旅游环境影响研究,(E-mail)zhangjinhe@nju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:汤国荣(1984―),男,云南弥勒人,博士研究生,主要从事区域旅游文化影响研究,(E-mail)tangguorong8@foxmail.com

Construction of Residential Landscape in Tourism Destination Morphology Evolution of Tourism Localization: A Case Study of the Hani Mushroom Houses Based on Local Oral History

TANG Guorong,ZHANG Jinhe,SUN Jinkun,PENG Hongsong,ZHANG Yu   

  1. (Department of Land Resources and Tourism Sciences,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210023,China)
  • Received:2016-01-19 Online:2016-07-05 Published:2016-07-05

摘要: 以云南元阳箐口哈尼蘑菇房民居为案例,运用地方口述史的研究方法,阐释哈尼蘑菇房形态衍化的旅游地方化建构机制。研究表明:1)哈尼蘑菇房形态演变过程中存在土木蘑菇房、砖混平房和旅游景观房3 阶段地方性表征差异;2)旅游地方化是当旅游地的地方性受到弱化威胁时,地方风格重构的过程,资源、权力、资本和知识的多行动主体发挥着功能、机制、意象和知识建构作用,主体之间的作用力影响旅游地民居形态衍化方向;3)在旅游地方化过程中需处理好人居环境诉求与旅游地方化建构之间的和谐一致性,规避由于旅游化带来的超越地方性。

关键词: 旅游地方化, 地方性, 民居景观, 口述史, 哈尼蘑菇房

Abstract: The impact of tourism on the evolution of landscape patterns of traditional houses, is an important topic in current regional tourism culture research. Taking Hani mushroom houses in Qingkou, Yuanyang, Yunnan, as a case, this paper uses the method of local oral history to derive the construction mechanism of local tourism interpretation of Hani mushroom houses. The results are as follows: 1) there exist morphological differences in the three stages of the evolution of the local characterization of Hani mushroom houses. 2) the tourism localization is the process of local style reconstruction when the locality features are threaten to be weakened, during which the main bodies such as resources, power, capital and knowledge play the functions of mechanism, image and knowledge construction effect, and the interaction force among the main bodies gives impact on the main direction of residential morphology derivation. 3) during the process the relation between the dwelling environment demands and the localization construction of the tourism place should be in harmony, and the situation beyond locality in the tourist place should be avoided.

Key words: tourism localization, placeness, residential landscape, oral history, the Hani mushroom house