热带地理 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (4): 530-537.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002960

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国对非贸易空间格局演变与空间均衡

童瑞凤,任 航,王 鑫,汪 欢,张振克   

  1. (南京大学 非洲研究所,南京 210023)
  • 出版日期:2017-07-05 发布日期:2017-07-05
  • 通讯作者: 张振克(1963―),男,河南南阳人,教授,博士生导师,主要从事非洲资源与环境研究,(E-mail)zkzhangnju@126.com。
  • 作者简介:童瑞凤(1991―),男,山东聊城人,硕士研究生,主要从事区域经济发展研究,(E-mail)nau_trf@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41371024);江苏省高校国际问题研究中心建设项目(2013001)

Evolution of Domestic Spatial Pattern of Sino-Africa Trade

TONG Ruifeng,REN Hang,WANG Xin,WANG Huan,ZHANG Zhenke   

  1. (Center of African Studies,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210023,China)
  • Online:2017-07-05 Published:2017-07-05

摘要: 从增量、依存度变化及进出口等方面,多角度分析了中国各省(市/区)对非贸易总额的空间分布情况,借助贸易地理多元化指数和均衡度指数计算模型,探讨了中国各省(市/区)对非贸易区域差异状况,并根据增速分布情况展望了对非贸易前景。结果表明:中国对非贸易发展迅猛,极化效应显著,沿海地区是主要增长区;各省(市/区)对非贸易进出口情况差异明显,就出口与进口比值而言,总体分为4种类型:持续下滑、波动上升、先升后降、无规律波动;中国对非贸易呈现出先向少数省(市/区)集中后逐渐分散均衡的发展特征;沿海地区主导着中国对非贸易分布格局变化,内陆地区各省(市/区)对非贸易相对均衡;内陆地区对非贸易增长极快,潜力巨大,将为区域协调发展作出贡献。

关键词: 对非贸易, 外贸依存度, 多元化指数, 均衡度指数

Abstract: The Sino-Africa trade has developed rapidly in the past ten years. The volume of Sino-African trade in China's foreign trade has been increasing year by year, from 2% in 2002 to 5.06% in 2013. By the platform of the Sino-Africa Cooperation Forum, China and Africa have conducted exchanges and cooperation in the field of economic and trade in depth, and China is already Africa's largest trading partner. With the increasing of Sino-Africa trade volume, there is a different trade pattern. The regional differences are obvious in China. At present, the academic research on Sino-Africa trade focuses mainly on trade characteristics, trade structure and trade effect. Through literature review, it is found that few existing studies involve the provinces pattern of Sino-Africa trade in China. Based on the data of trade about provinces (cities/districts) in China with Africa, this paper analyzed the evolution in the spatial distribution of the trade through the perspective of differences in increment and dependence. By the model of diversity index and evenness index, the study discusses the Sino-Africa regional differences situation and makes a comprehensive analysis in depth. At the same time, this paper made some prospects from the analysis. The result shows that: The Sino-Africa trade has developed rapidly from the year of 2002 to 2013, the trade of Sino-Africa is concentrated on the coastal areas. The trade volume is from 9.746 billion dollars to 179.47 billion dollars in the coastal areas in the last 12 years. For example, Beijing, Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shandong, Jiangsu and Shanghai, six provinces are the main provinces in the trade volume in Africa, accounting for 77% of the total trade in 2013. Because Chinese provinces (cities/districts) have different resources natural endowments and trade policies, the provinces (cities/districts) have obvious differences in import and export trade with Africa. From the rate of export-import, the trade is classified into four types in general: “continue to decline”, “rise with fluctuation”, “first rise then fall”, “irregular fluctuation”. In the northern regions export increment is less than that of import increment, while that in the southern regions is opposite. The inland areas and coastal areas show an opposite development pattern in the growth rate distribution and the increment distribution. The coastal areas dominated the Sino-Africa trade pattern. The growth rate of the inland trade with Africa is higher than that of the coast areas. Taking the year of 2008 as a turning point, the provincial distribution pattern shows the characteristic of gradually dispersing equilibrium after the concentration on a few provinces (cities/districts). The inland areas, with the opportunity of economy and politics, are developing fast in recent years. The Northern provinces (cities/districts) are mainly made up of resource intensive industries. With the increasing consumption of resources and the economic transformation and upgrading, the demand for alternative resources imported from Africa has been increasing. The southern provinces (cities/districts) are mainly made up of the export processing manufacturing industries, and the demand for Africa's mineral resources is relatively low. On the contrary, Africa is becoming an important export destination for these southern provinces in recent years. Although the spatial distribution pattern is becoming balanced in recent years, the trade of inland areas with Africa is relatively small. Serious homogenization is a question that should not be neglected. In the future, provinces (cities/districts) should be based on their own characteristics and advantages of enterprise to develop trade with Africa. In the process of economic development in the future, the provinces (cities/districts) need to seize the opportunity to maintain the pace of development. Relying on the national strategy of “The Belt and Road”, with the help of Africa’s huge economic market potential, it can narrow the regional differences, balance the regional trade structure, and improve the current situation of regional economic in China.

Key words: Sino-Africa trade, degree of foreign trade dependence, diversity index, evenness index