热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 685-693.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003371

• 新时期国土空间规划理论、方法与实践(一) • 上一篇    下一篇

基于基塘系统保护的国土空间治理策略——以顺德区为例

龚蔚霞1,2(), 张虹鸥2, 周晴2, 陈彩霞2,3,4(), 魏士翔2, 张金林2   

  1. 1.华南理工大学 建筑学院,广州 510640
    2.广东省科学院广州地理研究所,广东省遥感与地理信息系统应用实验室,广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
    3.中国科学院 广州地球化学研究所,广州 510640
    4.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-12 修回日期:2021-06-02 出版日期:2021-07-05 发布日期:2021-08-13
  • 通讯作者: 陈彩霞 E-mail:50900885@qq.com;chencaixia@ gdas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:龚蔚霞(1981—),女,湖南常德人,博士研究生,正高级工程师,主要研究方向为空间规划体系与区域发展战略,(E-mail)50900885@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东省科学院实施创新驱动发展能力建设专项(2019GDSYL-0302001);2020年省级促进经济高质量发展专项资金项目(GDNRC[2020]058)

Spatial Governance Strategy Based on the Dike-Pond System: A Case Study of Shunde District, Foshan

Weixia Gong1,2(), Hong'ou Zhang2, Qing Zhou2, Caixia Chen2,3,4(), Shixiang Wei2, Jinlin Zhang2   

  1. 1.The department of Architecture in the South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
    2.Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou 510070, China
    3.Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, CAS, Guangzhou 510640 China
    4.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-04-12 Revised:2021-06-02 Online:2021-07-05 Published:2021-08-13
  • Contact: Caixia Chen E-mail:50900885@qq.com;chencaixia@ gdas.ac.cn

摘要:

以佛山市顺德区作为实证研究案例,采用野外调研、访谈等研究方法,剖析基塘与国土空间的协同发展机制,提出基于多功能基塘的国土空间治理策略。结果表明:顺德国土空间治理面临空间破碎化和空间嵌套分布、灾害与生态风险加剧、岭南水乡文化特色日渐流失等问题;协调基塘与不同地域子系统之间的功能耦合关系,发挥基塘对地域系统功能的支撑与协同作用,是实现国土空间协同发展和可持续利用的基础;实施基塘功能分区治理,保护集中连片基塘,整合基塘文化资源,推进基塘与村级工业园、村边塘、村心塘协同治理等策略,发挥基塘的多功能作用,有助于实现国土空间的安全、高效与可持续利用。

关键词: 国土空间规划, 三区三线, 基塘系统, 农业多功能性, 都市农业, 珠江三角洲

Abstract:

Territorial space planning in the new era is an important part of the spatial governance of China. At the city and county levels, the management of the relationship between urban and agricultural land is especially important to coordinate the protection and development of space and realize the harmonious coexistence between humans and nature. However, supporting data are still lacking. In the current territorial space planning system of China, the effective protection of urban agriculture and coordinated development with the urban regional system are being discussed. This study takes Shunde District of Foshan City as an example, relying on a 2020 research project concerning the characteristic culture and ecological landscape protection and development of Shunde District. The methods used included conference discussion, field survey, and interviews with villagers, village cadres, and entrepreneurs, and others. The research involved 17 villages, one aquaculture farm, one cultural and creative park, and one dike-pond system cultural leisure farm. Remote sensing (30 m resolution), land use change survey, and statistical and department data were used. Based on the analysis of the collaborative development mechanism of multi-functional reservoirs and land space, the production function, ecological function, and social function characteristics of the Shunde reservoir were assessed. The findings summarize the challenges faced by the current land space governance. The implementation strategy of the collaborative development of reservoirs and other land function spaces are discussed. The land spatial governance of Shunde is faced with problems of spatial fragmentation and nested distribution, aggravation of disaster and ecological risk, and the loss of cultural characteristics of Lingnan waterside villages. As an economic subsystem of the regional system, the foundation pond coordinates the functional coupling between this pond and different regional subsystems. The foundation pond also has a supporting and collaborative role in the regional system function, which is the basis to realize the coordinated development and sustainable utilization of land and space. Based on the production, and the social and ecological functions of reservoirs, the paper highlights land space governance strategies, including the implementation of reservoir function zoning governance, optimization of the main functions of key areas for coordinated development, protection of contiguous reservoirs and improvement of wetland ecosystem services, integration of reservoir cultural resources, creation of reservoir historical and cultural heritage path, promotion of regional cultural characteristics protection, and promotion of reservoir- and village-related industries. The collaborative governance of the park, functional optimization of the ponds near and at the center of the village, promotion of industrial upgrading, optimization of human settlements, and urban-rural integration are also highlighted. The results of this study enrich the research theory of reservoir systems and land space governance. The results also provide the basis for scientific decision-making of land space planning in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

Key words: territorial space planning, Three zones and three lines, dike-pond system, multifunctionality of agriculture, urban agriculture, the Pearl River Delta

中图分类号: 

  • K909