热带地理

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西方区域环境治理研究进展及其对粤港澳大湾区的启示

杨江敏1,2(), 黄耿志1,2, 薛德升1,2()   

  1. 1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2.南方海洋科学与工程广东省实验室(珠海),广东 珠海 519000
  • 收稿日期:2021-05-25 修回日期:2021-10-26 出版日期:2022-01-12
  • 通讯作者: 薛德升 E-mail:yangjm7@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨江敏(1992—),女,江西吉安人,博士研究生,主要从事区域发展与环境治理研究,(E-mail)yangjm7@mail2.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41930646);广东省科学院百名青年人才培养专项(2019GDASYL-0104004)

A Review of Regional Environmental Governance Research in the West and Its Enlightenment to the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Jiangmin Yang1,2(), Gengzhi Huang1,2, Desheng Xue1,2()   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2.Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Zhuhai), Zhuhai 519000, China
  • Received:2021-05-25 Revised:2021-10-26 Online:2022-01-12
  • Contact: Desheng Xue E-mail:yangjm7@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;eesxds@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

文章旨在通过系统梳理西方区域环境治理的研究进展和前沿问题,以拓展国内区域环境治理研究,对认识粤港澳大湾区乃至中国深入发展以来面临的经济发展—环境保护矛盾和探索可持续发展政策有所启示。文章回顾了20多年以来西方区域环境治理研究的主要成果,总结出区域环境治理研究的理论进展、治理模式与影响效应3个重点议题。政府和非政府主体共同参与区域层面环境问题的应对已成为环境治理转变的重要特征之一。各主体之间采用了由国家政府或者地方行动者主导的协调方式,形成了不同的管理模式。区域层面的环境参与受到了经济、政治、社会等多重因素的影响,同时也对资源环境、经济、政治等方面产生了重要影响。最后,文章提出粤港澳大湾区环境治理研究应重点关注中国特色“一国两制”政策背景下粤港澳大湾区环境治理的组织框架,实施环境治理的地域因素、影响效应,探索促进区域发展的制度安排。

关键词: 区域环境治理, 尺度调整, 协同发展, 粤港澳大湾区

Abstract:

Since the 1990s, with the region becoming an important space for governance, people have become more and more aware of the importance and urgency of environmental coordination and promoting sustainable development on the regional scale. Different from the traditional environmental governance model, which regards administrative divisions as boundaries, regional environmental governance actively responds to regional environmental changes across administrative divisions, adapts to the new requirements of regional sustainable development, and effectively complements environmental governance on local, national and global scales. Therefore, a growing attention has been paid on the regional environmental governance research in the West. Since the 40 years of reform and opening-up, the economy and society have developed rapidly in China, especially in the eastern region, which puts forward higher requirements for regional environment and its governance. However, domestic geography research pays insufficient attention to regional environmental governance. This article systematically combs the research progress and frontier issues of western regional environmental governance, in order to promote the research of regional environmental governance in China and provide a conceptual framework for the research of environmental governance in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. Firstly, it analyzes the concept, importance and challenges of regional environmental governance, explains what regional environmental governance is, and focuses on the complementary relationship between regional environmental governance and local, national and global environmental governance. Then it analyzes the development progress of regional environmental governance theory, and expounds the regional environmental governance model and impact effect. Based on the above research progress, it is considered that the research on environmental governance in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area should focus on the following four aspects: (1) The organizational framework under the "one country, two systems" policy with Chinese characteristics that leads the formulation and implementation of regional environmental policies and coordinates different stakeholders; (2) The geographical factors for intergovernmental cooperative environmental governance and jointly implementation of environmental strategies in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Great Bay Area led by the government under the background of urbanization and globalization, which are different from western countries under the influence of strong non-governmental organizations; (3) The potential impact of the implementation of regional environmental governance on China's current economic transformation and development and spatial reconstruction;. (4) The institutional arrangements that are conducive to the balanced development of economic development and environmental protection and can promote regional sustainable development. The research on regional environmental governance will help to expand the research on domestic regional environmental governance, and has important practical significance for understanding the contradiction between economic development and environmental protection and exploring sustainable development policies since the in-depth development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area and even China.

Key words: regional environmental governance, rescaling, coordinated development, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

中图分类号: 

  • X321