热带地理

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场景规划:助力城市群协同发展

郭晨1,2(), 冯舒1,2, 汤沫熙1,2, 唐正宇1,2, 杨志鹏1,2   

  1. 1.深圳市城市规划设计研究院有限公司
    2.广东省数字城市规划和空间配置工程技术研究中心
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-15 修回日期:2021-05-31 出版日期:2022-01-13
  • 作者简介:郭晨(1980—),男,河南省开封市,博士研究生,一级注册建筑师,主要从事未来城市场景规划与智慧城市建设研究,(E-mail)arc@arcooo.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFB2103105)

Scene Planning: Promoting Coordinated Development of Urban Agglomeration: A Case Study of Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Chen Guo1,2(), Shu Feng1,2, Moxi Tang1,2, Zhengyu Tang1,2, Zhipeng Yang1,2   

  1. 1.Urban Planning and Design Institute of Shenzhen, Shenzhen 518052, China
    2.Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Digital Urban Planning and Spatial Allocation, Shenzhen 518052, China
  • Received:2021-04-15 Revised:2021-05-31 Online:2022-01-13

摘要:

通过梳理国内外场景理论的发展脉络,对场景内涵及要素特征进行了深入解读与分析,构建了包含场景要素、场景层级特征和场景规划方法在内的场景规划理论体系,从场景识别、场景构建、场景评价和场景应用视角实现了对场景规划工具的全新探索,用于指导在不同领域开展场景实践工作。并以粤港澳大湾区城市群协同发展为例,基于场景规划方法挖掘湾区的现状问题和发展目标,识别出代表未来湾区城市群协同发展方向的重要场景。最后以粤港澳大湾区城市群生态廊道构建为应用示例,初步应用场景规划方法进行场景要素分析,为下一步开展场景评价及场景应用示范等实践探索工作提供基础。

关键词: 场景, 场景规划, 城市群, 协同发展, 粤港澳大湾区

Abstract:

Since the 21st century, the term "scene" has been widely used in various fields, mainly involving sociology, communication, education, the Internet, commercial marketing and so on. Academic circles have also carried out scene-related research to form their own definitions and theories. With the continuous innovation of technical means, the connotation of a scene is constantly enriched, from the face-to-face physical space dimension to the multi-dimensional information space, and gradually evolved into the scene characteristics of spatio-temporal integration. However, there is still a lack of complete theoretical research and practical discussion on what is the scene, what are the elements of the scene, and how to combine the specific scene to guide and carry out the scene planning and design in different fields. The existing scene theory cannot be well applied in the field of urban development, and cannot help the scene related research of coordinated development of urban agglomeration. By combing the development context of scene theory at home and abroad, this study makes an in-depth interpretation and analysis of the connotation and characteristics of the scene. It is believed that the scene contains six characteristic elements, such as time, space, object, problem, path and value. The scene is a kind of specific interactive relationship formed by a series of actions, based on the key issues and objectives of the events under specific spatio-temporal conditions, with technology and resources as the media. The construction of the scene can meet the needs of stakeholders and create and realize value. The theoretical system of scene planning including scene elements, scene hierarchy characteristics and scene planning methods is constructed. It is considered that scene planning is a systematic process to realize specific social, economic or ecological functions and values by integrating existing resources and technologies to carry out scene construction and design, focusing on key issues and objectives with stakeholders as its center, under the environmental factors of social and economic development, government policies and technological innovation. From the perspectives of scene recognition, scene construction, scene evaluation and scene application, the new exploration of scene planning tools is realized to guide scene practice in different fields. Taking the coordinated development of urban agglomeration in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area as an example, this study excavates the current problems and development objectives of the Greater Bay Area based on the scene planning method, identifies 100 important scene units representing the coordinated development direction of urban agglomeration in the Greater Bay Area, and identifies and analyzes each scene element for these scene units, so as to provide basic support for further scene construction. Finally, taking the ecological corridor construction of urban agglomeration in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area as an application example, the scene planning method is preliminarily applied to analyze the scene elements, so as to provide a basis for the next practical exploration work such as scene evaluation and scene application demonstration. The theoretical system of scene planning is not only a further extension of the scene concept, but also an overall coordination tool to promote the coordinated development of urban agglomeration. It can provide theoretical basis and practical guidance for the future scene research on the coordinated development of urban agglomeration, and help the collaborative construction of urban agglomeration. In the future, it is suggested to carry out specific scene analysis and scene design on the industry, population, transportation, environment, infrastructure and public services of the GBA urban agglomeration, and gradually realize the in-depth exploration of the coordinated development theory and mechanism innovation of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area through the scene planning theory.

Key words: scene, scene planning, urban agglomeration, coordinated development, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area(GBA)