热带地理

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流空间视域下城市群功能协同发展研究

郭杰(), 姜璐(), 张虹鸥, 叶玉瑶, 林浩曦   

  1. 广东省科学院广州地理研究所 广东省遥感与地理信息系统应用重点实验室/广东省地理空间信息技术与应用公共实验室,广州 510070
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-27 修回日期:2021-11-24 出版日期:2022-01-26
  • 通讯作者: 姜璐 E-mail:guo_j2010@163.com;jianglu@gdas.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:郭杰(1987―),女,甘肃兰州人,助理研究员,博士,主要从事城市与区域规划、智慧城市与平台治理等领域研究,(E-mail)guo_j2010@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2019YFB2103101);国家自然科学基金项目(42122007);广东省科学院发展专项资金项目(2020GDASYL-20200103013)

The Functional Coordinated Development of Urban Agglomeration from the Perspective of Flow Space: A Case Study of San Francisco Bay Area

Jie Guo(), Lu Jiang(), Hong'ou Zhang, Yuyao Ye, Haoxi Lin   

  1. Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System, Guangdong Open Laboratory of Geospatial Information Technology and Application, Guangzhou Institute of Geography, Guangdong Academy of Sciences, Guangzhou, 510070, China
  • Received:2021-01-27 Revised:2021-11-24 Online:2022-01-26
  • Contact: Lu Jiang E-mail:guo_j2010@163.com;jianglu@gdas.ac.cn

摘要:

文章基于流空间视角,提出了城市群协同发展双重内涵,从流动性、连通性与互补性3方面剖析了要素空间流动与区域功能协同的内在关联。并选取旧金山湾区为实证案例,梳理国际湾区城市群从单中心走向功能协同、一体化发展的路径及驱动机制。研究认为,要素流驱动下的旧金山湾区经历了从发育到成熟的3个阶段:1)要素流动强化旧金山与奥克兰双城联系,功能互补促进双城共生发展阶段;2)要素南汇促成三足鼎立,要素对流与功能互惠助推多中心联动发展阶段;3)要素分流促成泛网络空间结构,错位互补发展强化区域环流,湾区实现功能协同发展阶段。文章结论可为构建中国区域协调发展机制、推动国际湾区协同发展带来如下启示:应顺应要素流动的客观规律,顺应要素流动的客观规律,推进体制机制创新,为要素流动破除障碍;发挥政府引导作用,提升区域软、硬件基础设施的连通性,为要素流动和实现区域优势互补奠定基础;探索区域协商机制,制定功能互补与联动的区域发展战略,引导要素合理分流与高效配置,实现区域功能联动发展。

关键词: 城市群, 流动空间, 区域功能协同, 旧金山湾区

Abstract:

The rapid development of global transportation network and information communication technology has an important impact on regional economy and social spatial structure, and promotes the transformation of regional research paradigm. The coordinated development of urban agglomeration and regional functional linkage from the perspective of flow space has become an important issue in urban regional research. Different from the traditional central place theory that emphasizes the differences in scale and level of cities within the region, the flow space perspective helps to understand how the regional factor flow organizes cities of all scales and levels in the form of network with the background of space-time compression, and promotes the functional linkage and coordinated development within the region on the basis of reshaping the urban spatial relationship. Based on the literature review of relevant research at home and abroad, this paper constructs an analytical framework for the relationship between regional spatial factor flow and function collaboration, and discusses the regional function collaborative mechanism of urban agglomeration from three aspects: "how to reshape the regional spatial network by factor flow", "how to restructure the urban hierarchy by infrastructure connectivity" and "how to strengthen the regional functional linkage by functional complementarity". On this basis, taking the urban agglomeration of San Francisco Bay Area as an example, this paper discusses the evolution progress of San Francisco Bay Area from "single center agglomeration development" to "double-core symbiotic evolution", "polycentric development" and "generic network functional linkage development" from three aspects of liquidity, connectivity and complementarity. The study found that: 1) In the first stage (before the 1930s), fact flow strengthened the connection between San Francisco and Oakland, connectivity improved the status of Oakland, and functional complementarity promoted the symbiosis of the two cities. 2) In the second stage (1940s-1980s), the flow and converge of factors towards the south bay promoted the tripartite growth of San Francisco, Oakland and San Jose, transport connectivity strengthened the core-peripheral connection, and factor convection and functional reciprocity promoted the multi-center linkage development. 3) In the third stage (since 1980s), factor distribution and transportation network connectivity contributed to the generic network spatial structure, dislocation and complementary development strengthened the regional circulation and realized the functional linkage of the Bay Area. Based on the perspective of flow space, this paper reviews the basic situation of the development of world-class bay area urban agglomerations and excavates the internal mechanism of regional functional coordinated development driven by factor flow, which has reference significance for guiding China's cities from competition to competition and cooperation and establishing a new mechanism of regional coordinated development. The research shows that to promote the development of China's bay area in the future, we should: 1) Comply with the law of factor flow, innovate the mechanism and remove barriers to factor mobility, and promote the free flow of factors inside and outside the region; 2) Give play to the guiding role of the government and non-governmental organizations to improve the connectivity of software and hardware infrastructure within the region; 3) Explore the regional consultation mechanism, break through the regional administrative barriers, and formulate the regional development strategy of functional complementation and linkage with the help of multiple subject forces.

Key words: urban agglomeration, flow space, regional functional collaboration, San Francisco Bay Area

中图分类号: 

  • F127