热带地理

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艺术介入乡村:两种典型模式的多级效益

庄诺亚(), 杨忍(), 陆进锋, 翁时秀   

  1. 中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2021-08-24 修回日期:2021-12-02 出版日期:2022-03-02
  • 通讯作者: 杨忍 E-mail:zhuangnuoya@126.com;yangren0514@163.com
  • 作者简介:庄诺亚(2001-),女,山东日照人,本科生,主要研究方向为人文地理与城乡规划,(E-mail)zhuangnuoya@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871177)

Art Intervention in Rural Areas: Multi-Level Benefits of Two Typical Modes

Nuoya Zhuang(), Ren Yang(), Jinfeng Lu, Shixiu Weng   

  1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510006, China
  • Received:2021-08-24 Revised:2021-12-02 Online:2022-03-02
  • Contact: Ren Yang E-mail:zhuangnuoya@126.com;yangren0514@163.com

摘要:

在明晰国内艺术介入乡村内涵与典型模式的基础上,以马斯洛需求层次理论建构并解析艺术介入乡村的效益层次体系,并选取广州市小洲村、凤和村为典型案例,通过田野调查等方法识别艺术家主导型与资本主导型两种艺术介入模式的效益特征与问题。结果表明:1)艺术介入乡村是在乡村振兴背景下,政府、资本、艺术家与文化团体等主体,通过艺术实践实现乡村景观重构、综合经济效益、社区营造治理、地方文化传承等多级效益的乡村振兴典型模式。依据不同的驱动主体,可将艺术介入乡村模式主要划分为艺术家主导型和资本主导型两种类型。2)艺术介入乡村具有物质、经济、社会、文化四级效益,呈现逐级递进的特征。3)艺术家主导型在实现高层级效益方面作用显著,低层级效益有所欠缺;资本主导型在实现低层级效益方面作用显著,高层级效益有所欠缺。4)构建资本与艺术家协同、政府支持、村民参与的多方合作模式,能够综合两种模式的效益优势,使艺术介入的乡村实践更具推广性。

关键词: 艺术介入乡村, 多级效益, 马斯洛需求层次理论, 乡村振兴, 乡村旅游, 小洲村, 凤和村

Abstract:

Under the background of rural revitalization strategy, art intervention in rural areas, as a new way of rural construction in China, is attracting more and more attention since various art practices have appeared in Chinese villages during the last decade. Art intervention in rural areas has multi-dimensional benefits such as improving rural landscape, promoting villagers' income, enhancing community connections, and promoting cultural inheritance. On the basis of clarifying the connotation and typical modes of art intervention in rural areas in China, this paper constructs and analyzes the benefit hierarchy of art intervention in rural areas based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, and selects Xiaozhou and Fenghe villages in Guangzhou as typical cases to identify the benefit characteristics and problems of two modes of artist-led and capital-led art intervention through field investigation. Although previous studies have focused more on specific cases of art intervention in rural areas, which have revealed the work procedure and achievements in detail, the comparison of their differences and a systematic construction of the influence are still worth discussing. The research results show that: (1) Art intervention in rural areas is a typical mode of rural revitalization in which the government, capital, artists and cultural groups realize multi-level benefits such as rural landscape beautification, tourism economic benefits, community creation and governance, and local cultural inheritance through art practice in the context of rural revitalization. According to different driving subjects, the art intervention in rural areas can be divided into two types: artist-led and capital-led. (2) Art intervention in rural areas has four levels of benefits: material, economic, social and cultural, showing the characteristics of progression by level. (3) The artist-led type plays a significant role in realizing high-level benefits, while the low-level benefits are lacking; the capital-led type plays a significant role in realizing low-level benefits, while the high-level benefits are lacking. (4) Building a multi-party cooperation model with the collaboration of capital and artists, government support, and villagers' participation can combine the advantages of the benefits of the two modes and make the rural practice of art intervention more replicable. In summary, this study divides the practices of art intervention in rural China into two types: artist-led and capital-led, constructs the four-level benefits hierarchy based on Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory, compares the four-level benefits between Xiaozhou village and Fenghe village, and summarizes the benefit differences between the artist-led mode and the capital-led mode. For its contributions, it innovatively applies Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory into the study of art intervention from a theoretical perspective and enriches the case study of art intervention in rural China and explores the characteristics from a practical perspective.

Key words: art intervention in rural areas, multi-level benefits, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, rural revitalization, rural tourism, Xiaozhou village, Fenghe village

中图分类号: 

  • TU982.29