热带地理

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城市展览业竞争力系统的协调发展

陈伊璐1(), 李立勋1(), 符天蓝2   

  1. 1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2.海南师范大学 地理与环境科学学院,海口 571158
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-05 修回日期:2021-11-20 出版日期:2022-04-01
  • 通讯作者: 李立勋 E-mail:chenyl57@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;eesllx@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:陈伊璐(1995—),女,广东信宜人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市地理、旅游地理与会展经济,(E-mail)chenyl57@mail2.sysu.edu.cn

Coordinated Development of the Competitiveness System of Urban Exhibition Industry: A Case of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, and Zhongshan Cities

Yilu Chen1(), Lixun Li1(), Tianlan Fu2   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2.College of Geography and Environmental Sciences, Hainan Normal University, Haikou 571158, China
  • Received:2021-09-05 Revised:2021-11-20 Online:2022-04-01
  • Contact: Lixun Li E-mail:chenyl57@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;eesllx@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

以粤港澳大湾区内地4座展览业最活跃城市——广州、深圳、东莞、中山为案例地,构建由展览业活力、经济实力和接待能力组成的城市展览业竞争力综合评价指标体系,引入耦合协调度模型,定量测算4市2013—2019年展览业竞争力系统的耦合协调性,探讨城市展览业竞争力协调发展的制约因素和子系统间的互动协调机制。结果表明:1)4市展览业竞争力的协调发展水平存在显著的等级差异,广州、深圳已步入良性共振的耦合协调阶段,耦合协调度较高;而东莞、中山仍处于比较粗放的发展阶段,耦合协调度较低。2)城市展览业竞争力系统的协调作用机制是展览业活力、经济实力和接待能力子系统同步同向紧密结合的过程,子系统在达到一定高度的同时,其相互作用力形成顺时针和逆时针2个方向上的循环。其中,展览业活力是核心,接待能力是基础,经济实力是发展要素。3)不同类别的城市展览业竞争力协调发展的主要制约因素不同。对于一线城市而言,城市的综合服务能力比经济实力更为重要,这关系到城市展览业服务的市场范围大小;而对于非一线城市而言,在服务业整体欠发达的情境下,经济实力往往决定着服务本土的城市展览业能否有持续的增长动力来源。

关键词: 城市, 展览业, 竞争力, 协调发展

Abstract:

The exhibition industry is characterized by high efficiency and high economic relevance, making it one of the most active components of China's modern service industry. Previous studies have revealed that the competitiveness of the urban exhibition industry results from multiple factors, such as the scale of the exhibition industry, the level of economic development, related facilities, and the service industry in cities. However, a few cities in China have ignored their functional positioning and resource constraints in recent years, thus blindly constructing super large-scale venues that far exceed demand. This abnormal phenomenon shows that the level of coordinated development among elements significantly impacts the urban exhibition industry. Therefore, this study focuses on the coordination of the key supporting elements for the exhibition industry. First, we constructed a comprehensive index system to evaluate the competitiveness of the urban exhibition industry, which consisted of exhibition industry vitality, economic strength, and reception capacity subsystems. Second, we used the coupling coordination model of physics to calculate the coupling coordination degree among these three subsystems in Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Dongguan, and Zhongshan. The exhibition industry of these four cities develops most prosperously among the mainland cities in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay area. By comparing the results between these four cities from 2013 to 2019, we aimed to explore the constraints of the coordinated development of the urban exhibition industry's competitiveness system and the interactive mechanism between subsystems. These results show a significant hierarchical difference among the four cities in the level of coordinated development of the exhibition industry's competitiveness. Guangzhou and Shenzhen have already reached the premium coupling coordination stage, where subsystems resonate benignantly, and the degree of coupling coordination is relatively high. In contrast, the degree of coupling coordination is still low for Dongguan and Zhongshan, indicating that the exhibition industry is developing extensively in these two cities. The coordination mechanism is a process wherein the exhibition industry vitality, economic strength, and reception capacity subsystems are synchronized and closely integrated toward the same direction. In this situation, the subsystems develop to a certain level, and the mutual forces between them form a loop that circulates both clockwise and counterclockwise, with the exhibition vitality acting as the core, the reception capacity as the foundation, and the economic strength as the development element. Different cities have diverse main constraints on the coordinated development of the exhibition industry's competitiveness. For first-tier cities, their comprehensive service capability is more crucial than their economic strength, which is related to the market size of the city's exhibition industry. For non-first-tier cities, their economic strength often determines whether the urban exhibition industry that serves the local area can have an impetus for sustained growth because the overall service industry is underdeveloped.

Key words: city, exhibition industry, competitiveness, coordinated development

中图分类号: 

  • F713.7