热带地理

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弹性空间研究的知识图谱分析与重点方向展望

李平星1(), 罗艳华1,2()   

  1. 1.中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所,南京 280003
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-23 修回日期:2021-07-15 出版日期:2022-04-01
  • 通讯作者: 罗艳华 E-mail:pxli@ niglas.ac.cn;verona_hua@163.com
  • 作者简介:李平星(1982—),男,山东泰安人,博士,副研,主要从事生态评价与区域可持续发展研究,(E-mail)pxli@ niglas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871209);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA23020102)

Visualization Analysis of Research Hotspots and Frontiers of Flexible Space and Future Prospects

Pingxing Li1(), Yanhua Luo1,2()   

  1. 1.Nanjing Institute of Geography and Limnology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210008, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2021-04-23 Revised:2021-07-15 Online:2022-04-01
  • Contact: Yanhua Luo E-mail:pxli@ niglas.ac.cn;verona_hua@163.com

摘要:

弹性空间的提出和划定是创新国土空间管控模式、提高空间规划科学性、适应经济发展和城市建设变化形势的现实需求,但相关研究仍处于理论初探和个例实证阶段,系统性和理论支撑不足。利用CiteSpace 5.6对“Web of Science”和“中国知网”中共计800余篇弹性空间研究领域的文献数据进行可视化分析,总结国内外近30年来该领域的前沿研究特点和相关研究进展,并探析其未来的发展趋势。结果发现:1)国际文献载文量呈明显上升趋势,国内文献载文量先增后减,基于生态系统服务、适宜性等研究成为最新动向;2)相关科研单位合作网络密度仅为0.004 2,呈现以中国科学院、昆士兰大学等单位为中心的分块式合作关系网络;3)概念与内涵、技术方法和管控措施是热点知识群组,内涵上强调土地预留、混合利用和空间置换等特征,方法上重视空间优化和适宜性评价,决策支持系统和基于主体的模型是重要技术支持,而管控上突出“刚弹结合”相关措施;4)未来需要加强理论框架构建,以多学科理论为支撑,深化理论基础和方法体系研究,拓展弹性空间的应用领域,以进一步提高科学性和实用性。

关键词: 空间规划, 弹性空间, CiteSpace, 可视化分析, 展望

Abstract:

The proposal and delineation of flexible space is an effective approach to promote innovation in territorial management, improve the scientificity of spatial planning, and meet practical demands in the context of significant economic and social transformation. However, existing research focuses on preliminary theoretical exploration and case studies on individual cities/regions and is inadequate from the perspective of systematic and integrated research. We used visualization analysis software (CiteSpace5.6) to develop a knowledge graph of flexible space research based on more than 800 articles published between 1990 and 2020 on the topic of "Flexible Space" and "Flexible Planning", retrieved from two databases ("Web of Science" and "China National Knowledge Infrastructure"). The research drew the following conclusions: 1) The quantity of English literature had a significant upward trend, but the amount of Chinese literature increased first and then decreased. Most research focused on eco-environmental and engineering perspectives, and ecosystem services and land use suitability evaluation became the novel direction. 2) The cooperative network density of scientific research institutions related to flexible space research was 0.0042, indicating a relatively low degree of cooperation. The segmented cooperative network centered on several institutions including the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the University of Queensland in Australia, etc. 3) The most common knowledge groups included the concept and connotation of flexible space, flexible planning methods, and regulation measures. Features such as land reservation, mixed utilization, and space replacement were emphasized in the descriptive terms, while the use of spatial and quantitative analysis models for spatial optimization and evaluation of suitability were technical focuses,and the most widely adopted methods included decision support systems and agent-based models. Various regulation measures were proposed, with the "rigid-flexible combination" approach being amongst the most widely used. To promote theoretical and systematic research on flexible space, the theoretical framework should be built first as a general guide to related research. The theoretical basis and technical methodology should be improved with the support of multidisciplinary integration to enhance the scientificity and feasibility. Moreover, more case studies on various research areas should be carried out to improve the practicability.

Key words: spatial planning, flexible space, CiteSpace, visualization analysis, prospect

中图分类号: 

  • F205