TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 917-925.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002760

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Coupling between Landscape Pattern and Landscape Aesthetic of Traditional and Cultural Tourism Destination: A Case Study of the Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area of Nanjing

ZHOU Wei1,HUANG Zhenfang2,WU Limin3,ZHU Yunfeng1   

  1. (1.School of Economics and Management,Nanjing Institute of Industry Technology,Nanjing 210023,China;2.College of Geographical Science,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing 210023,China;3.School of Business Administration,Nanjing University of Finance and Economics,Nanjing 210023,China)
  • Online:2015-11-05 Published:2015-11-05

Abstract:

The relationship between landscape beauty and ecological beauty is an important scientific problem reflecting the essence of the relationship between human and place. By far most of the study has been based on a single view. Selecting Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area in Nanjing as the typical case of urban traditional and cultural tourism destination, this paper made an empirical analysis of the characteristics and law of the coupling between the landscape pattern and landscape aesthetic by using the landscape pattern index as the criterion of ecological beauty as well as the Balanced Incomplete Block-Law of Comparative Judgement as the criterion of landscape beauty. The results displayed: 1) The overall landscape fragmentation of the studied area was rather high, but different parts of landscape were influenced differently by artificial factors. The diversity and heterogeneity of landscape patches were moderate, but there were structural differences of the area of patch, spatial distribution and spatial agglomeration degree. 2) The tourists and local residents had good perception of landscape aesthetic of the scenic area, however, they had preference forthe historical architecture and cultural landscape with abundant elements of city memory. 3) As a whole, the relationship between the landscape pattern and landscape aesthetic was coupled and complementary. Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area had profound history and culture, however, under the background of the rapid development of urbanization, cultural characteristics were missing constantly and the process of delocalization was speeded up. Hence, it would be a long way to go to protect city memory and inherit local culture for the scenic area, which is an important traditional and cultural tourism destination of the city.

Key words: the traditional and cultural tourism destination of the city, landscape pattern, landscape aesthetic, coupling, the Confucius Temple-Qinhuai River Scenic Area of Nanjing