TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (5): 776-785.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002887

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Impacts of Tourist Resorts Development on the Sustainable Livelihoods of Relocated Residents: A Case Study of Chimelong International Ocean Tourist Resort

ZUO Bing,CHEN Weibo   

  1. (School of Tourism,Sun Yat-Sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China)
  • Received:2015-11-15 Online:2016-09-05 Published:2016-09-05

Abstract: This study analyzes the impacts of a large-scale theme park-Chimelong International Ocean Tourist Resort (Chimelong) on the livelihoods of relocated residents under the framework of Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA). Based on the field research which combines interviewing with questionnaire methods together, this study analyzes the changes of livelihood capitals, livelihood strategies and livelihood outcomes of the relocated residents. The results find that residents’ physical capital and financial capital were greatly increased, meanwhile their wellbeing and ability to resist vulnerability were also got slightly improved. Residents, who had advantages in human capital, are more likely to achieve a high level of sustainable livelihood, but they often engaged in non-agricultural and non-tourism industries. Residents who worked for the local tourist enterprises had the lowest level of livelihood because of lack of human capital and social capital. The job opportunities the Chimelong offered to local residents were often low pay with high workload, and thus can’t help improve their livelihoods. The study thus advocates the government to establish effective public training programme and psychological intervene mechanism for relocated people to help them improve human capital.

Key words: Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA), residents relocated, human capital, social capital, Chimelong International Ocean Tourist Resort (Chimelong), tourism development