TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (4): 516-524.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003038

Previous Articles     Next Articles

Regional Layout of Urban Stadium and Its Planning Strategies: A Case Study of Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan and Urumqi

ZENG Jianming   

  1. (College of Physical Education,Xinjiang Normal University,Urumqi 830054,China)
  • Online:2018-07-05 Published:2018-07-05

Abstract: This paper adopts methods of literature analysis, field investigation, and expert interview to study regional layout problem of large-scale urban stadium. Recently, in order to meet the need of urban sports events, clustered stadium buildings on large-scale are established, whose region embodies very obvious spatial hierarchy and function layout producing better economic benefit and social effect. However, due to improper layout of stadiums and gymnasiums during pre-construction planning, they would bring negative effects on urban areas and their own regional development such as narrow urban space, inefficient operation of stadiums and transportation networks congestion, etc. At present, researches on layout planning of stadiums mainly focus on design concept of stadium area, design of single stadium and design requirements of local stadium area, etc, regardless of the relationship among regional elements and the relationship between the external and the internal. They ignore combination of construction with field survey. So it is hard to reveal and summarize main problems existing in regional layout of stadiums or gymnasiums and its planning strategies. Therefore, this research selected 15 stadiums in Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan, and Urumqi to be studied. Based on interviews with relevant experts, this paper analyzes and summarizes the generation, spatial features and functional layout of large stadiums and gymnasiums, including the layout design of stadiums that is not proper for regional conditions, lacking in spatial linkages between construction facilities, the cramped regional overall space, and the functional layout of construction facilities. Drawing lessons from the experience of the regional layout design of foreign stadiums, this paper proposed that the functional layout of the venue area should be rationally planned from the aspects of diversity and integrity and from the perspective of openness and integration, coordinate the development relationship between the center and the surrounding region; From the humane and hierarchical methods, the design should consider to optimize the regional traffic flow. Through the study of this article, we can further perfect the related research on the theory of city stadium area layout, and provide reference to the relevant government departments for the purpose of reasonable venues planning effectively. Furthermore, there are further values and contents to be excavated in the study on the problem in this field. The evaluation strategy of regional layout planning of stadiums and gymnasiums, the research and practice of the field abroad, and the use of advanced scientific methods to improve planning level, all need to be discussed in depth.

Key words: lager scale sports stadium, stadium area, layout design, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Urumqi