TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 1993, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 289-297.

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ON THE FUNCTION AND SCALE OF GAOLAN PORT FROM THE VIEW OF RATIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF PORTS IN THE PEARL RIVER DELTA

Xu Jun-nang   

  1. Guangzhou Institute of Geography, 510070
  • Received:1993-05-01 Online:1993-10-30 Published:1993-10-30

Abstract:

Gaolan Port under construction is situated in the sea area of Gaolan Islands out of the mouth of Huangmao Sea on the west of the Pearl River mouth. With specific location it has characteristics and superiority of both river port and seaport, and is in the action of four types of power conditions:reciprocating current of tide, high-salt shelf water, nearshore current and wave. The deep trough formed by the first two types of power action passes through the port area, which is a natural basis for building a big deepwater port; and the Xijiang River basin as its vast hinterland, policies for the special economic zone and other continents taken to be its seaward hinterland would bring Gaolan Port great development prospects and benefits. It is a key project of adjusting port distribution in the pearl River Delta to build Gaolan Port into a big port at the Xijiang River mouth. From rational distribution of regional economy, Gaolan Port is not only an external trasportation port of the Xijiang River basin, but also an industrial port in western region of Zhuhai and one of the three biggest container ports in the pearl River Delta. It will join Guangzhou and Shenzhen ports to share Hong Kong's responsibility in international container transportation.

Key words: Gaolan Port, Rational distribution of ports, The Pearl River Delta