TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (3): 372-378.

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Connotation and Discrimination of National Central Cities

TIAN Meiling1,FANG Shiming2   

  1. (1.School of Management,Hubei University of Arts and Science,Xiangyang 441053,China; 2.School of Public Administration,China University of Geosciences,Wuhan 430074,China)
  • Online:2015-06-05 Published:2015-06-05

Abstract:

The national central cities are the products of economic globalization. They play an irreplaceable role in the global economy and social development. However, there is no clear definition about the connotation and discriminant standard of national central city. On the basis of related literature research, the paper introduced the concept and functional characteristics of national central city systematically, and made it clear that national central cities are those who have core control effect in nationwide urban system, and have important node functions in the global urban network system. And then, the paper established a six-elements discriminant index system of national central city—economic agglomeration index, space radiation index, opening to the outside index, cultural innovation index, management service index and ecological protection index, by which confirmed 12 national central cities in China: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Chongqing, Tianjin, Shenzhen, Wuhan, Nanjing, Chengdu, Hangzhou, Shenyang, and Dalian. Finally, according to the result, the paper comprehensively analyzed the discriminant index scores and the advantage and disadvantage of the 12 national central cities, and pointed out their construction emphasis in the future. Namely, to strengthen the management service function construction of national central cities, enhance the space radiation level overall, ensure sustained stable growth of the cultural innovation level, further speed up the construction of the economic agglomeration function, the opening to the outside world function and the ecological protection function.

Key words: national central city, connotation, discriminant standard, six-elements discriminant index system