Tropical Geography ›› 2022, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (7): 1148-1157.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003514

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Spatial and Temporal Distributions of Chinese Marine Tourism Safety Accidents

Lu Wang1(), Changlin Pi2(), Xiangmin Zheng3,4   

  1. 1.School of Business Administration of Jimei University, Xiamen 361021, China
    2.Department of Tourism, Xiamen City Vocational College, Xiamen 361008, China
    3.School of Management of Putian University, Putian 351100, China
    4.Center for Tourism Safety & Security Research of China Tourism Academy, Quanzhou 362021, China
  • Received:2022-01-03 Revised:2022-04-08 Online:2022-07-05 Published:2022-07-23
  • Contact: Changlin Pi;


To prevent and decrease the number of marine tourism safety accidents, Chinese marine tourism safety accidents were studied using a chi-square contingency table analysis, residual test, time intensity index, geographic concentration index, and imbalance index. Accordingly, suggestions for marine tourism safety management were proposed. The types, characteristics, timing, and spatial distribution laws of Chinese marine tourism accidents from 2010 to 2021 were analyzed. We obtained the following results. 1) The type of Chinese marine tourism safety accidents included drowning, being trapped, traffic accidents, suicide, accidental injuries, animal bites, disease outbreaks, fires, and food poisoning. 2) There were differences in the leading causes of different types of accidents. Thus, tourists with different individual characteristics may experience different types of accidents, and different tourist activities may cause different types of accidents. 3) Chinese marine tourism safety accidents showed differences in the type and frequency in different years, months, and times of day. On a large time scale (annual), the number of accidents showed an increasing trend. On a medium time scale (month), accidents occurred most frequently in July-August, May-June and October followed, whereas on a micro time scale (hour), accidents occurred most frequently in the afternoon (T 14:00-18:00), the morning (T 08:00-12:00), and the evening (T 18:00-21:00) followed. 4) Chinese marine tourism accidents were aggregated and imbalanced in marine tourism circles, cities, and points. The large spatial scale was concentrated in regions across the West coast of Fujian and Taiwan Strait and the Bohai Rim; the small spatial scale was concentrated in Xiamen, Quanzhou, and Fuzhou; and the micro spatial scale was concentrated in the nodes of the beach, reef, and sea. Based on these findings, the management of high-incidence accidents should focus on precise and efficient safety management based on the leading causes, individual characteristics, and activities of tourists involved in accidents. Moreover, safety prevention and supervision should be carried out at important time and space nodes according to the timing and spatial distribution laws of accidents.

Key words: marine tourism, tourism safety accident, marine tourist activities, China

CLC Number: 

  • F592