TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 1995, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 229-234.

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Ouyang Nanjiang   

  1. Center of Urban & Regional Strdies, Zhongshan University, Guangzhou 510275
  • Received:1994-12-01 Online:1995-07-30 Published:1995-07-30


The progress of city structure in terms of its schools,methodology and contents in the western countries during 1920-1980 are reviewed in this paper.The Period from the 1920s to the 1950s is the early times of city structrue study.The studies of the Chicago Schools about the residential variation in 1920 marked the beginning of city structure study.The studies from the 1950s to the 1960s are characterized by the use of complicated quantitative method in city structure.Social area analysis via ecological factor analysis was a typical example.Urban land-use study had extended to the variation winthin the same land-ues function,of which commercial land use gained a lot of attention.Another fundamental change was that some principles of neoclassic economy,especially the land economy and rent,were introduced to explain the city Strueture.During the period from the 1960s to the 1970s behavioral approach was raised.There were two main strands to this work.The first studied individual's decision-making process about location choice,and the second focused on the individual's perception to the world.The birth of approach was in the early 1970s,which argued that the inch determinant of location behavior is institution,particularly the economic power,and emphasized the study of housing market,power-holders in determining the urban socio-patterns and the class conflict,leading the study of city structure into a new stage.By the 1980s three types of work coexist within the current corps of city structure study.

Key words: City structure, Chicago school, Social area, Behavioral approach, Institutional approach