TROPICAL GEOGRAPHY ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (2): 208-215.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002819

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Architecture Features and Functions of the Embrasure Fortresses in Linwu County, Hunan

HE Feng1,LI Yuwei2,CHEN Zheng1   

  1. (1.School of Resource and Environment Science,Hunan Normal University,Changsha 410081,China; 2.School of Architecture,Hunan University,Changsha 410082,China)
  • Online:2016-03-31 Published:2016-03-31

Abstract: Linwu’s embrasure fortress is a kind of unique historical heritage in Southern Hunan. Now they remain less than ten, although they had a long history and were widely distributed in the past. These embrasure fortresses were usually located beside the ancient roads or among the ponds, which were dozens or hundreds of meters from the entrance of the villages. Therefore, they were known locally for “Shuikou” or “Xiashou”. They had obviously military defense capabilities for their close and firm shapes and rectangular embrasures on their walls from top to bottom. In addition, they had other functions such as religious temple, classical academies, pavilions or Fengshui architectures. These embrasure fortresses provided a kind of precious historical materials, with important historical, scientific and artistic value for studying ancient military defense systems, social cultures, architecture art, folk customs and so on of Linwu County.

Key words: embrasure fortress, architecture feature, function, Linwu County