Tropical Geography ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 689-700.

### Surface Temperature Splicing Study Fusing MODIS and Landsat 8: A Case Study in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

Yan Liyue1,2, Li Hongzhong1(), Han Yu1, Chen Jinsong1, Zuo Xiaoqing2, Wang Zhanfeng2

1. 1. Center for Geospatial Information, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518052
2. Faculty of Land Resources Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China
• Received:2019-09-05 Revised:2019-09-29 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-11-08
• Contact: Li Hongzhong E-mail:hz.li@siat.ac.cn

Abstract:

Consider the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area as an example, this paper proposes a Multi-source Image Fusion Stitching Model (MI-FSM) for multi-source Land Surface Temperature (LST) images on a large-area study area; this model is based on the existing Spatio-Temporal Image Fusion Model (STI-FM). MI-FSM can eliminate the influences of different time and weather differences in the Landsat 8 data, realize seamless splicing between images, and generate medium- and high-resolution surface temperature data covering the Greater Bay Area. The data sources selected in the study were the Landsat 8 LST obtained from original Landsat 8 images via a surface temperature inversion algorithm and the MODIS LST 5d synthetic product. First, using the STI-FM fusion MODIS LST and Landsat LST, multiple Landsat LSTs of different phases were synthesized into LST images with uniform specific phases. Then, the synthesized LST images were mosaic-processed to splice multiple Landsat 8 LST images in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. To verify the applicability of STI-FM in the study area, this paper selected two groups of Landsat 8 LST images, “summer-summer” and “winter-summer,” in the center of the study area and compared and evaluated the synthesized Landsat LST concerning the verification data. In the “summer-summer” verification group, the minimum, maximum, mean, and standard deviation between the synthesized LST product and the actual LST were 0.01, 1.02, 0.10, and 0.03, respectively, and the coefficient of determination (R 2), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE), and Absolute Average Difference (AAD) were 0.849 5, 0.655 9, and 0.690 6, respectively. In the “winter-summer” verification group, the minimum, maximum, mean, and standard deviation between the synthesized LST product and the actual LST were 0.07, 0.08, 0.42, and 0.99, respectively, and R 2, RMSE, and AAD were 0.681 7, 1.375 3, and 1.012 9, respectively. The results show that STI-FM has a strong applicability in the study area. Finally, the accuracy of the model was further verified via an accuracy evaluation: the degree of fitting between different time-phase MODIS LST images was high, the R 2 value was between 0.6 and 0.9, and the RMSE was <1.5. Additionally, we selected three typical land cover types, cities, woodlands, and paddy fields and discussed the spatial distributions of their errors. The analysis results show that a linear relation is the most significant in cities, followed by paddy fields, and that the paddy fields are sensitive to seasonal differences. Woodlands have the poorest adaptability to the model, and there is no obvious relation with the errors for the woodlands. An evaluation was performed to prove that the results were reasonable: a visual analysis of the overall and local details indicated that the results of the fusion stitching were ideal.

CLC Number:

• P407