热带地理 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 122-131.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002795

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

国内外公共服务设施空间布局研究进展

程顺祺a,b,祁新华a,b,c,金星星a,b,李达谋a,b,林 涵b   

  1. (福建师范大学 a.湿润亚热带山地生态国家重点实验室培育基地;b.地理科学学院;c.地理研究所,福州 350007)
  • 出版日期:2016-01-05 发布日期:2016-01-05
  • 通讯作者: 祁新华(1974―),男,福建莆田人,教授,博士,主要从事人文地理学与生态学研究,(E-mail)fjqxh74@163.com。
  • 作者简介:程顺祺(1989―),男,福建福清人,硕士研究生,主要从事人文地理学研究,(E-mail)skylers@vip.qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    教育部人文社会科学项目(14YJCZH112);教育部留学回国人员科研项目基金(教外司留[2014]1685号)

Progress in Domestic and Foreign Study on Spatial Layout of Public Service Facilities

CHENG Shunqia,b,QI Xinhuaa,b,c,JIN Xingxinga,b,LI Damoua,b,LIN Hanb   

  1. (a.State Key Laboratory of Subtropical Mountain Ecology;b.School of Geographical Sciences;c.Institute of Geography, Fujian Normal University,Fuzhou 350007,China)
  • Online:2016-01-05 Published:2016-01-05

摘要: 按照纵向发展时序对国内外公共服务设施空间布局研究的视角、方法和主题进行了梳理。结果表明:国外研究主题历经了区位选择和布局模式、空间布局的公平性和可达性、布局的社会分异及其形成机制等的演变;研究视角从单纯的计量地理发展到与经济学、社会学等多学科交叉;研究方法从构建模型发展到与GIS结合等多种方法集成等。相比之下,国内研究差距明显,主要表现在研究视角欠缺多学科的交叉融合,方法多借鉴国外,缺乏创新,主题较为局限。最后提出未来研究应该多关注以下5方面:丰富可达性的内涵进行公平性度量;在以人为本的基础上整合配套多设施协同布局;注重设施的应时性和可变性;在大数据背景下开展小尺度的实证研究;植根中国实际,研究对象转向农村地区以及城市边缘区。

关键词: 公共服务设施, 空间布局, 演变, 均等化

Abstract: One of the important reasons for the recent divergence in and outside our country is the gap among the levels of public service. As the carriers of the public service, the scientific and effective space layout of public service facilities is significant to realize the equalization of public service. This paper is a review of public service facilities spatial layout research at home and abroad. According to the time sequence, we discuss the progress in spatial layout studies from the research perspective, method and topics. The results show that: the theme of the foreign research experiences an evolution from layout pattern, space layout of the equality, and accessibility to spatial layout of the social differentiation and its formation mechanism; the perspective of foreign research develops from pure quantitative geography to multi-interdisciplinary subject crossing other subjects such as economics and sociology; the method develops from model establishment to integration of GIS and other methods. There exist significant gaps between the research in China and that in foreign countries. In China, the interdisciplinary mixture is insufficient. The methods are mainly derived from abroad on the whole. The theme of the study is narrow. We put forward some suggestions for future research: expand the connotation of accessibility and the connotation of fairness metrics to measure the equality, integrate multiple facilities layout based on the people-oriented idea, pay more attention to the promptness and variability of facilities, make full use of big data to carry out empirical research on small scale, realize equalization of public service facilities under the background of balancing the urban and rural areas.

Key words: public service facilities, spatial layout, evolution, equalization