热带地理 ›› 2016, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 55-65.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.002800

• 地理教学 • 上一篇    下一篇

南海诸岛珊瑚礁可持续发展

赵焕庭1,3,王丽荣1,袁家义2   

  1. (1.中国科学院边缘海地质重点实验室//中国科学院南海海洋研究所,广州 510301;2.中山大学 地球科学与地质工程学院,广州 510275; 3.南京大学 中国南海研究创新协同中心,南京 210093)
  • 出版日期:2016-01-05 发布日期:2016-01-05
  • 作者简介:赵焕庭(1937―),男,广东江门人,中国科学院南海海洋研究所研究员,南京大学中国南海研究协同创新中心特约研究员,主要从事海洋地质研究,(E-mail)gzzht@qq.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大科学研究计划课题(2013CB956102);中国科学院战略先导科技专项课题(XDA05080300);国家社会科学基金重大项目(14ZDB165)

Sustainable Development of the Coral Reefs in the South China Sea Islands

ZHAO Huanting1,3,WANG Lirong1,YUAN Jiayi2   

  1. (1.Key Laboratory of Marginal Sea Geology,South China Sea Institute of Oceanology,CAS,Guangzhou 510301,China; 2.School of Earth Science and Geological Engineering,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510275,China; 3.Collaborative Innovation Center for South China Sea Research,Nanjing University,Nanjing 210093,China)
  • Online:2016-01-05 Published:2016-01-05

摘要: 珊瑚礁是具有极高生物生产力和生物多样性的海洋生态系统之一,由于受到自然因素(如气候变化、海平面上升和海洋酸化等)以及人类活动(如过度捕捞、沉积物、污染物和区域发展等)因素的影响,珊瑚礁生态系统近年来不断处于退化之中。如何保护珊瑚礁资源,以使其能持续为人类提供产品和服务,满足当代和未来人们发展的需要则成为关注的焦点。文章介绍了珊瑚礁可持续发展的概念和模式,分析了南海诸岛在珊瑚礁国土资源、渔业资源、旅游资源和油气资源等几方面的可持续发展潜力,及其所面临的自然、人为压力,据此给出了珊瑚礁可持续发展的途径。

关键词: 珊瑚礁, 可持续发展, 南海诸岛

Abstract: Coral reefs are the most productive and diverse of all marine ecosystems. In recent years, coral reefs are in degradation under the threats of natural events and human activities, such as climate change, sea-level rising, ocean acidification, over-fishing, sedimentation, contamination and regional development. How to protect coral reefs so that they can produce ecosystem goods and services sustainably to meet the needs of today and future is focused on in recent years. Related concepts and approaches of sustainable development of coral reefs are introduced in this paper. The potential of sustainable development of and the pressure faced by the coral reefs in the South China Sea Islands are also analyzed. Finally, several sustainable development methods for the coral reefs in the South China Sea Islands are proposed, such as MPA, ICZM, and EBM.

Key words: coral reefs, sustainable development, South China Sea Islands