热带地理 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (3): 440-450.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003028

• 论文 • 上一篇    

近15年来国外居民健康的邻里影响研究进展——基于CiteSpace软件的可视化分析

袁媛,林静,谢磊   

  1. (中山大学地理科学与规划学院//广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275)
  • 出版日期:2018-05-05 发布日期:2018-05-05
  • 作者简介:袁媛(1976―),女,浙江绍兴人,教授,博士,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市贫困、社区规划等,(E-mail)yyuanah@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51678577);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(15lgjc38);广东省科技创新青年拔尖人才项目

Review of the Research in Foreign Countries in the Past 15 Years about Neighborhood Effects on Residents’ Health: A Visualized Analysis Based on CiteSpace Software

YUAN Yuan,LIN Jing and XIE Lei   

  1. (School of Geography and Planning,Sun Yat-sen University//Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation,Guangzhou 510275,China)
  • Online:2018-05-05 Published:2018-05-05

摘要: 为了全面地分析国外居民健康的邻里影响研究新进展,基于CiteSpace可视化工具,分析Web of Science数据库中2002―2016年以来613篇主题为“居民健康的邻里影响”的文献,以揭示影响居民健康的重要环境因素,为中国健康城市规划提供依据。研究发现:1)近15年来国外居民健康的邻里影响研究关注度持续上升,研究主题集中,主要关注建成环境和社会环境2个方面;2)建成环境和社会环境一方面通过塑造居民交通出行方式、体育锻炼习惯、饮食习惯、生活态度以及心理状态等路径作用于居民健康,另一方面通过压力的累积、资源获取的受限等对健康产生影响;3)目前研究方法主要通过横向研究构建健康行为、相关疾病与环境要素之间的多元量化模型来实现,纵向研究较少。最后对中国居民健康的邻里影响研究提出3点建议。

关键词: 邻里影响, 建成环境, 社会环境, 居民健康, 可视化分析

Abstract: With the rapid social and economic transition and marketization of housing estates in China, social segregation and residential differentiation has become increasingly apparent. Although neighborhood environment plays a significant role on the health of residents, there is a lack of research about how neighborhood environment affects Residents’ Health in China. A total 613 papers in web of science of ‘Neighborhood Effects and Health’ were visually analyzed by CiteSpace. This paper reveals important environment factors that influence Residents’ Health and provides a theoretical foundation for health urban planning. The results and conclusions are as follows. Firstly, Neighborhood Effects on Residents’ Health has drawn increasingly extensive attention in nearly 15 years and has concentrated in some research topics, including built environment and social environment. However, due to the differences of urban development background, political and economic system, the research conclusions from the United States and from Europe have some differences. Those from the United States generally agree with the role of neighborhood effect, but those from Europe are more unclear. Secondly, based on the built environment and social environment, the mechanisms of neighborhood effects are elaborated from four perspectives: neighborhood walk ability, public service facilities, neighborhood socio-cultural features and reputation. All those perspectives have a direct or indirect impact on physical health and mental health by influencing residents’ travel mode, physical activity, healthy diet, attitude towards life, mental status, accumulation of stress and limited accessibility to resources. Furthermore, due to the difference of individual socioeconomic status, the built environment has a different impact on different groups. Thirdly, the multi-level analysis using cross-sectional data and the multivariate model are the main research methods, but longitudinal research is relatively lacking. As Geographic Information System (GIS) and smart mobile phones could bring new data collection and analysis methods, the usage of GIS and smart mobile phones would help the research making a major breakthrough. Lastly, based on the analysis above, this paper puts forward three suggestions to promote the research progress in China, namely, combining with the characteristics of China’s neighborhood to choose environment factors, attaching importance to the role of qualitative research methods on revealing the mechanism of neighborhood effect, and increasing longitudinal research to clarify the relationship between individual socioeconomic characteristics and neighborhood environment.

Key words: neighborhood effects, built environment, social environment, residents’ health, Visualized Analysis