热带地理 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (5): 726-736.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003057

• 论文 • 上一篇    

基于扎根理论和探索性因子分析的大学生地方认同维度研究——以武汉大学为例

郭文露1a,钟赛香1a,刘艳芳1,杨钰颖2   

  1. (1.武汉大学 a.资源与环境科学学院;b.教育部地理信息系统重点实验室,武汉 430079;2.同济大学 建筑与城市规划学院,上海 200092)
  • 出版日期:2018-09-05 发布日期:2018-09-05
  • 通讯作者: 刘艳芳(1959―),女,湖北武汉人,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为区域规划,(E-mail)yfliu610@163.com。
  • 作者简介:郭文露(1993―),女,浙江宁波人,硕士研究生,研究方向为城市规划,(E-mail)13026177634@163.com。
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0503601)

Exploring the Dimensions of University Students’ Place Identity Based on Grounded Theory and the Exploratory Factor Analysis Method:A Case Study of Wuhan University

GUO Wenlu1a,ZHONG Saixiang1a,LIU Yanfang1,YANG Yuying2   

  1. (1.a.School of Resource and Environmental Sciences;b.Key Laboratory of Geographic Information System,Ministry of Education,Wuhan University,Wuhan 430079,China;2.School of Architecture and Urban Planning,Tongji University,Shanghai 200092,China)
  • Online:2018-09-05 Published:2018-09-05

摘要:

为探索大学生地方认同的组成结构,以武汉大学为例,通过非结构访谈手段获取第一手研究资料,运用扎根理论分析大学生地方认同维度,并在此基础上设计调查问卷,利用探索性因子分析方法进一步分析大学生地方认同维度结构特征。研究发现:武汉大学大学生地方认同具有认知、情感、行为、自我效能和承诺5个维度的结构特征;学生对学校的地方认同较高;入学时间、所属学部、高考志愿、籍贯是地方认同形成的主要影响因素。大学生的个人背景(年级、所属学部、高考志愿、籍贯)不同,在地方认同及其各个维度上有较大差异。

关键词: 大学生, 地方认同, 维度, 扎根理论, 探索性因子分析, 武汉大学

Abstract:

Place identity, as one of the core concepts in Local Theory, has attracted a great concern of researchers in the field of Environmental Psychology, Tourism Geography, Cultural Geography and Behavioral Science in recent years. However, there are few researches concerned about the university students’ place identity in this microscopic scale. University students' place identity (the following is the same as USPI), not belonging to the rooting place identity (like residents’ place identity to residence), nor the appreciating place identity (like tourists’ place identity to tourist place), nor the recreational place identity (like beguilers’ place identity to bar or cafe), but is a special place identity. It has an essential difference between those place identities. Thus, it is especially urgent to carry out studies on microscopic cultural spaces. The place identity of university students needs to be fully understood. In order to explore the dimensions and structure of USPI, this paper selected Wuhan University as a case to conduct an empirical research from the students’ perspective. Involving theoretical construction and empirical test, the research used grounded theory and exploratory factor analysis method to enrich the theoretical connotation of USPI and provide reference for further research. First-hand data was collected from unstructured interviews. Grounded theory, as an inductive research approach, was taken to find out the dimensions of USPI. Then on this basis, the questionnaire was designed and explored by exploratory factor analysis method to measure USPI. The study found that USPI is comprised by five dimensions-cognition, emotion, behavior, self-efficacy and commitment, which have a close relationship between each other; USPI is relatively high in Wuhan University. As a double top university, it attracts many students all over the country to be here to study. They are influenced by its natural environment, humanistic environment, academic atmosphere, and outstanding alumni, which results in a strong sense of place identity; Admission time, department, native place and college aspiration are the main factors in the formation of USPI. Students' different personal background will lead to the difference of place identity and its various dimensions. With the increase of age, university students’ place identity declines first and then rises. As to faculty, students in faculty of arts and sciences and faculty of communication have higher scores than faculty of medicine. As the college entrance examination voluntary order decreases, university students' place identity also shows a trend of falling first and then rising. Local students have higher scores than students from other provinces. This research is expected to contribute towards studies of microscopic cultural spaces in geography.

Key words: university students, place identity (USPI), dimensions, grounded theory, exploratory factor analysis, Wuhan University