热带地理 ›› 2018, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (6): 848-856.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003085

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

中山市河涌水体及污水处理厂中 合成麝香的分布规律

刘祖发1a,2,付雪莲1a,2,程豫然1a,2,陈记臣1a,2,卓文珊1b,梁廖逢1a,2   

  1. (1.中山大学 a.水资源与环境研究中心;b.测试中心,广州 510275;2.华南地区水循环与水安全广东省普通高校重点实验室,广州 510275)
  • 出版日期:2018-11-30 发布日期:2018-11-30
  • 通讯作者: 卓文珊(1977—),女,广东梅州人,硕士,工程师,主要从事水环境方面的研究,(E-mail)zadeozws@mail.sysu.edu.cn。
  • 作者简介:刘祖发(1961—),男,河南潢川人,博士,副教授,主要从事水文水资源方面的研究,(E-mail)eeslzf@mail.sysu.edu.cn;
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41301627)

Distribution of Synthetic Musks in the Sewage Streams and Wastewater Treatment Plants of Zhongshan City

LIU Zufa1a,2, FU Xuelian1a,2, CHENG Yuran1a,2, CHEN Jichen1a,2, ZHUO Wenshan1b, LIANG Liaofeng1a,2   

  1. (1. a. Center for Water Resource and Environment; b. Instrumental Analysis & Research Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China; 2. Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Water Security in Southern China of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes, Guangzhou 510275, China)
  • Online:2018-11-30 Published:2018-11-30

摘要: 对中山市5个区域的48条主要河涌水体与2间污水处理厂各工艺流程水体进行样品采集,运用固相微萃取进行前处理并结合气相色谱—质谱联用技术,检测各样品中佳乐麝香、吐纳麝香和酮麝香这3种合成麝香的含量,并分析其分布特征以及探讨污水处理厂处理工艺中合成麝香的浓度变化规律。结果表明:1)合成麝香已经普遍存在于中山市的河涌水体中。中山市西部地区和南部地区的河涌水体中合成麝香总含量相对其他区域最低,中部地区河涌水体中合成麝香含量亦较低。2)中山市雁企涌和魁魁涌等28条河涌水体中的主要合成麝香为佳乐麝香,一埒涌和乌沙涌等13条河涌水体的主要合成麝香为酮麝香,仅有苏埒涌和石军涌等7条河涌水体的主要合成麝香为佳乐麝香和酮麝香这2种合成麝香。3)氧化沟和A2/O工艺均能对合成麝香产生一定的去除效果。污水处理厂A对佳乐麝香、吐纳麝香和酮麝香的去除率分别为86.94%、72.15%和89.36%;而污水处理厂B对以上3种合成麝香的去除率分别为82.09%、85.73%和87.90%。4)2间污水处理厂的二沉池以及污水处理厂A的紫外消毒亦可对合成麝香产生进一步的去除效果;2间污水处理厂均能对酮麝香产生比佳乐麝香和吐纳麝香更高的去除率。

关键词: 合成麝香, 中山市, 顶空固相微萃取—气质联用, 河涌, 污水处理

Abstract: Water samples were collected from 48 main sewage streams and each process of 2 wastewater treatment plants in 5 regions of Zhongshan City. This study used Solid Phase MicroExtraction (SPME) for pretreatment and combined with Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) technique to detect the contents of three synthetic musks in the water samples. The three synthetic musks are Galaxolide (HHCB), Tonalide (AHTN) and Musk Ketone (MK). And the distribution characteristics of them were analyzed, as well as the change law of their concentrations along the water treatment processes of wastewater treatment plants, which had certain reference value for understanding the distribution of synthetic musks in sewage streams. The results showed: 1) Synthetic musks had been widely found in the sewage streams of Zhongshan City. Among them, the total contents of synthetic musks in 4 sewage streams, such as Yanqi Stream and Kuikui Stream, all exceeded 500 ng/L. The total contents of synthetic musks in 8 sewage streams, such as Huangpu Stream and Hengli Stream, were in the range of 200 – 500 ng/L. The total contents of synthetic musks in the remaining 36 sewage streams, such as Sulie Stream and Shijun Stream, were less than 200 ng/L. The total contents of synthetic musks from sewage streams in the Western and Southern regions of Zhongshan City were relatively the lowest as compared with other regions, due to their proximity to the outer river channels which could dilute and migrate pollutants, including synthetic musks. The Central Region also had low concentrations of synthetic musks in the sewage streams, which could be explained by that there were many wastewater treatment plants and the sewage collection rate was higher than that in other regions. 2) The major synthetic musk of different sewage streams was different. The main synthetic musk was HHCB, which accounted for more than 50% of total synthetic musks content in 28 sewage streams, such as Yanqi Stream and Kuikui Stream. The main synthetic musk was MK, which also accounted for more than 50% of total synthetic musks content in 13 sewage streams, such as Yilie Stream and Wusha Stream. And the main synthetic musks were HHCB and MK, which accounted for more than 35% of total synthetic musks content respectively in the other 7 sewage streams, such as Sulie Stream and Shijun Stream. 3) The Oxidation Ditch Process and Anaerobic/Anoxic/Oxic (A2/O) Process both could produce a certain removal effect on synthetic musks, due to activated sludge adsorption and microbial metabolic decomposition. In Wastewater Treatment Plant A, the ultimate removal rates of HHCB, AHTN and MK were 86.94%, 72.15% and 89.36%, respectively. In Wastewater Treatment Plant B, the ultimate removal rates of HHCB, AHTN and MK were 82.09%, 85.73% and 87.90%, respectively. 4) The secondary sedimentation tank of these two wastewater treatment plants and ultraviolet disinfection of Wastewater Treatment Plant A could produce further removal effects on synthetic musks. Both Wastewater Treatment Plant A and B could produce a higher removal rate on MK than HHCB and AHTN, which could be due to that MK contained nitrogen element and had a better removal effect.

Key words: synthetic musks, Zhongshan City, SPME-GC/MS, sewage streams, wastewater treatment