热带地理 ›› 2019, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 661-670.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003182

• “粤港澳大湾区转型与创新发展”专题 • 上一篇    下一篇

协作式环境管理在粤港澳大湾区中的应用——以跨界河治理为例

潘泽强1, 宁超乔2, 袁媛1()   

  1. 1. 中山大学 地理科学与规划学院//广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
    2. 广州市社会科学院 城市管理研究所,广州 510410
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-31 修回日期:2019-09-29 出版日期:2019-09-10 发布日期:2019-11-08
  • 通讯作者: 袁媛 E-mail:yuanyuan@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:潘泽强(1993—),男,广东湛江人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为区域协作式规划等,(E-mail)panzq5@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(51678577);广东省科技创新青年拔尖人才项目;广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室课题经费

Collaborative Environmental Management in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area Based on Cross-border Rivers

Pan Zeqiang1, Ning Chaoqiao2, Yuan Yuan1()   

  1. 1. School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University//Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2. Institute of Urban Management Studies, Guangzhou Academy of Social Sciences, Guangzhou 510410, China
  • Received:2019-07-31 Revised:2019-09-29 Online:2019-09-10 Published:2019-11-08
  • Contact: Yuan Yuan E-mail:yuanyuan@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

以粤港澳大湾区跨界河流治理的协作机制为代表,选取淡水河、深圳河与鸭涌河为例进行梳理与比较分析,分别探讨了以粤内、粤港与粤澳为核心的伙伴关系在协作式河流规划治理中的协作异同。结果发现:1)淡水河、深圳河与鸭涌河分别是以多级政府部门管理决策主导、多元主体参与和政府政策主导的协作机制。2)协作过程均存在规划目标不一致、囿于双边协作、公众协作意识薄弱和未形成可持续的协作机制等问题。3)行政体制是影响跨界河治理的表面因素,内在因素为参与主体达成伙伴关系的不同,最终通过协作模式、规划信息以及机制设计等差异影响治理结果。最后对建构粤港澳大湾区环境管理协作机制提出政策建议。

关键词: 区域环境管治, 协作机制, 多元主体, 伙伴关系, 公众参与, 粤港澳大湾区

Abstract:

Over the past decade, concerns regarding cross-regional environmental management in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area have been increasing. However, problems still persist regarding the development of cross-border environmental governance and the lack of sustainable cooperation mechanisms. Pursuing a transition toward a more sustainable environmental management system has become imperative for solving cross-regional environmental problems encouraging multiple stakeholders’ participation. Collaborative environment management is of considerable significance for promoting cross-regional coordination of sustainable development. Scholars in China have paid particular attention to introduce collaborative environmental management approaches, but in practice, research is particularly oriented by problems, and such approaches lack a sustainable regional environmental management coordination mechanism. This paper examines the mechanism of the watershed collaborative planning at the cross-border rivers located in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. The Danshui River, Shenzhen River, and Yayong Canal were chosen as cases for comparative analysis with the cross-border rivers, and the similarities and differences of these were studied. The results and conclusions are as follows. First, the management of the Danshui River is dominated by multi-level government departments, and the partnership process is gradational. The governance of the Shenzhen River is a collaborative process of policy and market coordination involving multiple stakeholders, and the partnership process is cyclic and alternating. Moreover, the governance of the Yayong Canal is a collaborative process dominated by government-based policies, and there is an asymmetric partnership. Second, the administrative system is the surface factor that affects the governance of cross-border rivers, and internal factors contribute to the differences in achieving partnerships between the stakeholders. Thus, the governance results are influenced by differences in collaboration models, planning information, and mechanism design. Third, to some degree, the cooperation mechanisms of Guangdong,Hong Kong and Macao could promote cross-border river management. In particular, the Shenzhen River mixed-management mode involving multiple stakeholders represents a progressive expression of cross-border river management. Furthermore, the cases mentioned above have common problems, such as lacking consistent planning objectives, multilateral cooperation, public collaboration, awareness, and a sustainable collaboration mechanism. In this context, establishing a sustainable, regional environmental management goal, innovating the regional environmental management coordination system, and improving public participation could be instrumental in the process of developing an environmental management coordination framework in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

Key words: regional environmental governance, collaborative mechanism, multi-agent, partnership, public participation, the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

中图分类号: 

  • TU984.3