热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1039-1050.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003269

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

社区营造进程中的乡村地方性建构特征与机制 ——以台湾中和社区为例

解芳芳1(), 孙洁2(), 刘风豹2   

  1. 1.中国城市规划设计研究院深圳分院,广东 深圳 518000
    2.南京大学 建筑与城市规划学院,南京 210009
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-30 修回日期:2020-07-16 出版日期:2020-11-30 发布日期:2020-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 孙洁 E-mail:1548175987@qq.com;27864928@qq.com
  • 作者简介:解芳芳(1992—),女,陕西泾阳,助理规划师,硕士,研究方向为城市规划与设计、城市社会空间,(E-mail)1548175987@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(11BSH058);国家社会科学重点基金项目(17ASH003);2015/2016年度中英联合研究创新基金博士生交流项目(留金欧[2016]6045号)

Characteristics and Mechanism of Rural Placeness Construction in the Process of Community Empowerment: A Case Study of the Zhonghe Rural Community, Taizhong City

Fangfang Xie1(), Jie Sun2(), Fengbao Liu2   

  1. 1.Shenzhen Branch of China Academy of Urban Planning and Design, Shenzhen 518000, China
    2.School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, China
  • Received:2020-03-30 Revised:2020-07-16 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-10
  • Contact: Jie Sun E-mail:1548175987@qq.com;27864928@qq.com

摘要:

以台湾中和社区为案例,采用访谈法与介入式观察法,通过社会建构与人文主义两种视角,关注宏观社会结构与个体行动者两种力量对地方性形成的影响,探讨了社区营造的地方性特征及其建构机制。研究表明:中和社区营造的地方性表现在都市近郊的区位、社区营造实践地点及活动、参与者与观光者的地方感3个方面;中和地方性建构过程则经历3个阶段:首先,弱地方性引起了社区营造参与者与广大社会的反身性;其次,在社区营造政策的推动下,社区营造参与者在日常生活中推动社区营造,促进地方性的生产与再生产;最后,地方性的营造结果吸引了社会资本与人力资本的再投入,强化了地方性的持续生产,并创造了进步的地方性,也间接强化了乡村自治能力。

关键词: 乡村, 社区营造, 地方性建构, 中和社区

Abstract:

With the shift to the "post-rural" study of rural geography, the mixture of urban, rural, and hybrid environments has become the focus of rural geography. Rural community empowerment, the active intervention of urban and rural elements, promotes the establishment of sustainable rural autonomy. Taking the Zhonghe rural community in Taizhong as its case, this paper discusses the influence of social structures and individual actors on the formation of placeness through the two perspectives of social construction and humanism, and it explores the construction mechanism of community empowerment. The results are as follows. 1) The placeness of Zhonghe community empowerment is reflected in the location of rural suburbs, the practice site and activities of community construction, and the sense of place of participants and tourists. 2) The process of placeness construction is formed by the interaction between social objects and behavioral subjects in three stages. 3) Weak placeness causes reflexivity in the behavior body and the social object, which constitutes the basis of community empowerment. 4) The government has established a mature operation mechanism to promote community empowerment, which participants also promote according to the needs of daily life. This, in turn, promotes placeness production and reproduction, forming a continuous process of community building. 5) The results of placeness construction attract the reinvestment of human and economic capital inside and outside the community, which ensures the sustainable power of community empowerment. 6) Through community empowerment, a sustainable, pluralistic, and global place is created in the rural environment, which cultivates a collective identity and community cohesion, indirectly strengthening the capabilities of rural autonomy.

Key words: rural, community empowerment, placeness construction, Zhonghe community

中图分类号: 

  • K901.6