热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1026-1038.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003283

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

关系视角下台湾高山茶产业在大陆的嵌入过程及机理

李锋1(), 韦素琼1,2(), 游小珺1,2   

  1. 1.福建师范大学,地理研究所,福州 350007
    2.福建师范大学,福建省亚热带资源与环境重点实验室,福州 350007
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-15 修回日期:2020-05-12 出版日期:2020-11-30 发布日期:2020-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 韦素琼 E-mail:lifeng1993m@163.com;suqiongwei@126.com
  • 作者简介:李锋(1993—),男,广东河源人,硕士研究生,主要从事经济地理研究,(E-mail)lifeng1993m@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41771136);福建省公益类优先领域重点项目(2018R1101006-2);福建省创新战略研究联合项目(2020R0176)

Process and Mechanism of Embeddedness of the Taiwan High Mountain Tea Industry in Mainland China from the Perspective of Relations: A Case Study of Yongfu Town, Zhangping City

Feng Li1(), Suqiong Wei1,2(), Xiaojun You1,2   

  1. 1.Institute of Geographical Research, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou
    2.Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Subtropical Resources and Environment, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou
  • Received:2020-03-15 Revised:2020-05-12 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-10
  • Contact: Suqiong Wei E-mail:lifeng1993m@163.com;suqiongwei@126.com

摘要:

基于新经济地理学的嵌入性理论和关系经济地理学理论,以永福镇台资高山茶产业为例,采用实地调研和深度访谈法,通过构建关系视角下的产业嵌入性分析框架,分析台湾高山茶产业在大陆的嵌入过程及机理,结果显示:1)永福镇台资高山茶企业的嵌入是一个渐进的过程,可分为社会嵌入、网络嵌入和地域嵌入3个方面。2)行动者—制度、行动者网络—组织间网络、地方—全球三重关系交织于永福镇台资高山茶企业的嵌入过程中,并深刻地影响着企业的嵌入过程与结果。此外,研究还发现:地方政府及中介机构在促进企业发展和网络重组等方面发挥着重要作用。对此,建议地方政府重视本土配套企业的培育与成长,同时应进一步鼓励企业间的交流,促进网络融合,不断提升台资高山茶企业的“嵌入”程度。

关键词: 嵌入, 关系视角, 台资企业, 高山茶, 茶产业, 永福镇

Abstract:

Since the late 1980s, Taiwanese investment in Mainland China's agriculture has grown rapidly. As the main form of cross-strait agricultural cooperation, Taiwanese investment has greatly promoted the development of the agricultural economy of Mainland China. However, the question that follows is whether these Taiwanese-funded agricultural enterprises can embed themselves into the local network in order to drive the sustainable development of the region. At present, the academic community pays little attention to this issue. Therefore, following on the theory of embeddedness and the theory of relational economic geography, this study takes the Taiwanese-funded high mountain tea industry of Yongfu Town as an example. Field research and in-depth interviews were used to construct a framework of industrial embedding analysis from the perspective of the agents' relationship with each other, focusing on an analysis of the dynamic embedding process and related mechanisms in the Taiwanese-funded high mountain tea industry of Mainland China. The results showed the following: 1) The embedding of the Taiwanese-funded high mountain tea enterprises of Yongfu Town is a gradual process that can be divided into social, network, and geographic embedding. Among these, social embedding is the premise of embedding activities; network embedding is a further development of social embedding and the most important form of embedding; and geographical embedding constitutes the spatial background for both social and network embedding activities. These three steps are interconnected with and promoted each other, and together, they constitute the spatiotemporal scene of enterprises' socioeconomic activities. 2) The three relationships of Actors-Institutions, Actor Networks-Inter-Organization Networks, and Local-Global are intertwined with each other throughout the embedding process of the tea enterprises of Yongfu Town and profoundly affect the process and results of the embeddedness. In addition, the study also found that local governments and intermediary agencies play an important role in promoting the development of enterprise and network reorganization. In this regard, this research suggests that local governments pay attention to the cultivation and growth of enterprises that support the local community and simultaneously encourage further exchanges among enterprises and promote network integration to continuously improve the degree to which Taiwanese-funded high mountain tea enterprises are "embedded."

Key words: embeddedness, the perspective of relationships, Taiwanese-funded enterprises, high mountain tea, tea industry, Yongfu Town

中图分类号: 

  • F327