热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 981-992.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003287

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于场域理论的城中村村民市民化研究——以广州猎德复建房社区为例

潘卓林1(), 刘晔1(), 刘于琪2, 李志刚3   

  1. 1.中山大学 地理科学与规划学院,广州 510275
    2.广东省城市化与地理环境空间模拟重点实验室,广州 510275
    3.香港大学 社会工作及;社会行政学系,香港 999077
    4.武汉大学 城市设计学院,武汉 430070
    5.湖北省人居环境工程技术研究中心,武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-17 修回日期:2020-08-07 出版日期:2020-11-30 发布日期:2020-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 刘晔 E-mail:panzhl6@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;liuye25@mail.sysu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:潘卓林(1995―),女,广东韶关人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为城市社会地理和人口地理,(E-mail)panzhl6@mail2.sysu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(41871140)

Citizenization of Villagers in City Based on Field Theory: A Case Study of Liede Redeveloped Community, Guangzhou

Zhuolin Pan1(), Ye Liu1(), Yuqi Liu2, Zhigang Li3   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    2.Guangdong Key Laboratory for Urbanization and Geo-simulation, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China
    3.Department of Social Work and Social Administration, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
    4.School of Urban Design, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430070, China
    5.Hubei Residential Environment Research Center of Engineering and Technology, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2020-02-17 Revised:2020-08-07 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-10
  • Contact: Ye Liu E-mail:panzhl6@mail2.sysu.edu.cn;liuye25@mail.sysu.edu.cn

摘要:

以广州市猎德复建房社区为案例,运用布迪厄的场域理论,剖析改造后村民市民化进程问题;并基于问卷调查数据和深度访谈资料,采用描述性统计和质性分析方法,从经济融合、社会文化适应、结构融合和身份认同4个维度探讨村民的市民化水平。结果表明,由于村社共同体这一特定场域的延续,村民经济资本转化不畅,村民的社会、文化和象征性资本相对匮乏以及村民既有惯习的固化和自我改变动力的缺失,尽管村民在改造后经济状况、行为方式、思想观念等均有一定程度的提升,但村民仍处于“半市民化”状态,在经济融合层面就业难题尚未解决,在社会文化适应层面老一辈村民的思维和行为方式固化,在结构融合层面社会网络拓展受阻,在身份认同层面对市民角色的认识不足。在城中村改造过程中,政府应当兼顾社会效益与经济效益,大力推进村社共同体转型,并将城中村村民市民化视作长期的社会系统工程,切实提升村民的人力与社会资本,促进村民融入城市社会。

关键词: 城中村, 场域理论, 村民市民化, 广州, 猎德

Abstract:

With the acceleration of urbanization in China, the transformation from increment planning to inventory planning in large cities has initiated the upsurge of urban village redevelopment. However, this redevelopment has overemphasized the economic benefits while neglecting the social benefits behind the redevelopment, resulting in villagers' difficulties in re-employment, inadequate social security, and other problems regarding citizenization. Taking the Liede redeveloped community as a case study, and using the field theory of Bourdieu, this paper adopts descriptive statistics and qualitative analysis based on data from questionnaires and in-depth interviews to measure urban villagers' level of citizenization after the redevelopment. The level of citizenization is measured through the four dimensions of economic integration, socio-cultural adaptation, structural integration, and social identity. The research indicates that to some extent, although the redevelopment of Liede village has brought new changes to community management, the village collective economic organization continues to undertake a large number of community services and livelihood security functions closely related to the daily life of villagers. The villagers and the village collective have formed an exclusive and closed pattern based on their common interests. Villagers have sought safety strategies for action and decision-making when facing social transformation, and their conservative economic strategies and homogenous social networks have resulted in little changes in the structure and quantity of their capital. In essence, the new village community has not been restructured along with the redevelopment of the physical environment, and the capital of stakeholders is in a relative state of equilibrium, which has not motivated the villagers to adapt to their new environment and reconstruct the structure of the field. After the redevelopment of Liede village, the villagers' living environment improved, their basic rights were secured, and their newly-moved in neighbors also exerted a demonstration effect, which considerably improved villagers' consciousness of their roles as citizens, their behaviors, and their way of thinking. However, many villagers have not achieved self-empowerment or integrated into the urban society, judging from the four dimensions of citizenization. In terms of economic integration, the difficulty of employment persists. Regarding socio-cultural adaptation, the younger generation can effectively adapt to urban society, while the older generation's habits and ways of thinking are solidified. In terms of structural integration, without a platform to interact with other social groups, it is difficult for villagers to expand their social network. Finally, regarding social identity, villagers' social status has not improved with their economic status, and the recognition of their roles as citizens is inadequate. Therefore, the government is advised to promote the transformation of village communities, regard the citizenization of villagers in cities as long-term social work, and carry out community activities and skills training to enhance the human and social capital of villagers, and facilitate their integration into urban society.

Key words: urban village, field theory, citizenization of urban villagers, Guangzhou, Liede Community

中图分类号: 

  • TU984.114