热带地理 ›› 2020, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (6): 1004-1014.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003292

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

城市青年群体住房产权获得的区域差异——以上海和南京为例

崔璨1,2,3(), 李佳怡3, 崔军茹3, 徐伟4, 王丰龙1,2,5   

  1. 1.华东师范大学 中国行政区划研究中心,上海 200062
    2.华东师范大学 中国现代城市研究中心,上海 200062
    3.华东师范大学 城市与;区域科学学院,上海 200241
    4.莱斯布里奇大学 地理与环境系,加拿大 阿尔伯塔 T1K3M4
    5.华南师范大学 地理科学学院,广州 510631
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-19 修回日期:2020-06-07 出版日期:2020-11-30 发布日期:2020-12-10
  • 作者简介:崔璨(1987—),女,安徽合肥人,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市地理、住房研究、人口迁移等,(E-mail)ccui@geo.ecnu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(41701176);国家自然科学基金委员会与荷兰研究理事会合作研究项目(7191101210);上海市教育发展基金会和上海市教育委员会“晨光计划”(18CG28)

Regional Differences in Access to Homeownership for China's Young Generation: A Case Study of Shanghai and Nanjing

Can Cui1,2,3(), Jiayi Li3, Junru Cui3, Wei Xu4, Fenglong Wang1,2,5   

  1. 1.Research Center for China Administrative Division, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2.The Center for Modern Chinese City Studies, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    3.School of Urban and Regional Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China
    4.Department of Geography, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge T1k 3M4, Canada
    5.School of Geography, South China Normal University, Guangzhou 510631, China
  • Received:2020-03-19 Revised:2020-06-07 Online:2020-11-30 Published:2020-12-10

摘要:

从城市异质性视角,以一线城市上海和二线城市南京为例,基于2013年长三角地区社会变迁调查和南京市住房调查数据,利用Logistic模型,剖析了两地青年住房产权获得的影响因素及其差异。研究发现,两个城市青年住房产权获得的影响因素存在较大差异。与南京相比,上海青年居民的住房获得存在更大的区位和制度壁垒,受城市区位、户口、制度因素影响更大,而受教育水平、工作流动性等市场因素以及年龄、是否育有子女等生命历程因素的影响较小。上海,作为一线城市,户口制度仍然处于精准严控阶段,落户门槛相对较高,另外住房价格高企,上海的青年群体在住房产权获得中同时面临着制度层面和市场层面的双重严苛考验。而在二线城市南京,户口政策相对较为宽松,青年群体的住房产权获得所面临的制度性障碍较小,而市场因素更加主导。

关键词: 住房产权获得, 区域差异, 市场转型论, 权力持续论, 青年群体, 上海, 南京

Abstract:

Homeownership crucially affects the quality of life of residents and the social stability of society. Therefore, access to homeownership has been extensively studied in the fields of housing studies, human geography, and sociology. In recent years, with the rapid rise in housing prices, China's young generation has been facing obstacles in accessing homeownership, which has attracted considerable attention from the media and scholars. Most of the existing literature centers on the debate of the "market transition theory" and "power persistence hypothesis", which focus on the impacts of market and institutional factors on homeownership acquisition. However, limited attention has been paid to regional variations in the influencing factors. There are widening differences in housing prices, housing purchase regulations, and demographic structures between cities and regions, which may result in variegated effects on the young generation's access to homeownership. To fill this gap in literature, this paper re-visits the "market transition theory" and "power persistence hypothesis" by comparing Shanghai and Nanjing, which are first-tier and second-tier cities, respectively, within the Yangtze River Delta. Based on the Yangtze River Delta Social Transformation Survey and Nanjing Housing Survey in 2013 and employing logistic regressions, this study investigates the factors that affect the young generation's housing tenure and the differences between the two cities. The results show that there are greater location differences within the city and more institutional barriers compared to Nanjing. The young generation's access to homeownership in Shanghai is associated closely with residential location, hukou status, and being a communist party member working in the public sector. In contrast, market factors such as educational attainment, job mobility, and demographic factors, including age and whether one is a parent, exert relatively little influence in Shanghai, but have significant influence in Nanjing. This study contributes to deepening our understanding of the regional variations in factors that influence homeownership acquisition among China's young generation. Furthermore, it sheds light on the implementation of the "different policies for different cities" strategy and the establishment of a long-term effective regulation system for the real estate market.

Key words: homeownership acquisition, regional difference, market transition theory, power persistence hypothesis, young generation, Shanghai, Nanjing

中图分类号: 

  • K901