热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 25-35.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003297

• 健康地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

新冠疫情期间武汉樱花的情感效应

行腾辉1,2(), 王晓峰1,2()   

  1. 1.陕西师范大学 地理科学与旅游学院,西安 710119
    2.陕西省旅游信息科学重点实验室,西安 710119
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-09 修回日期:2020-09-04 出版日期:2021-01-05 发布日期:2021-02-19
  • 通讯作者: 王晓峰 E-mail:Xth13060420404@163.com;wangxf@snnu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:行腾辉(1996—),男,陕西合阳人,硕士研究生,主要研究方向为旅游者情感和行为,(E-mail)Xth13060420404@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    陕西省科技计划项目(2020ZDLGY10-08);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(2019CSWY014)

Emotional Effect of Cherry Blossoms in Wuhan during the COVID-19 Epidemic

Tenghui Xing1,2(), Xiaofeng Wang1,2()   

  1. 1.School of Geography and Tourism, Shananxi Normal University, Xi'an 710119, China
    2.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Tourism Informatics, Xi'an 710119, China
  • Received:2020-06-09 Revised:2020-09-04 Online:2021-01-05 Published:2021-02-19
  • Contact: Xiaofeng Wang E-mail:Xth13060420404@163.com;wangxf@snnu.edu.cn

摘要:

运用大数据文本挖掘和分析工具,对比新冠疫情期间武汉和非武汉地区居民所发布的微文,探究了武汉樱花在不同居民群体间情感效应的作用机制,研究发现:1)本地居民樱花微文的关注点多而分散,非本地居民的关注点少而集中;2)武汉樱花对不同地区居民情感的影响与疫情发展状况紧密相关;3)武汉樱花在疫情期间对武汉居民具有情感支持效应,对非武汉地区居民具有情感凝聚效应;4)疫情改变人的情感和景观解读背景,并赋予景观新的意义,新的景观意义反作用于居民,构成情感闭合回路。最后提出建议,抗疫恢复工作应多关注居民心理层面的缺失,从居民与城市、景观的情感关系入手,向武汉居民传达城市美好生活理念。

关键词: 新冠肺炎疫情, 武汉樱花, 景观, 情感效应, 城市居民情感

Abstract:

The COVID-19 interrupted the lives of Wuhan residents. This study attempted to understand the psychological loss and emotional changes in urban residents in this unusual period by exploring the relationship between city, residents, and landscape. By comparing the typicality of Wuhan's representative landscape during this period, we chose cherry blossoms as representative of the landscape of Wuhan. We then selected six cities as data sources for non-Wuhan regions (i.e., Beijing, Shenyang, Xi'an, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Kunming). Using crawler software, we collected Sina micro-texts that contained Wuhan cherry blossoms and were published by residents of Wuhan and non-Wuhan areas. After eliminating the invalid text, using the big data text analysis tools ROST CM6 and Gephi, we obtained the key nodes in the micro-texts expression. Then, using coding analysis of grounded theory, we explored the emotional relationship between the urban representative landscape and the residents in different regions and identified the emotional effect of Wuhan cherry blossoms during the epidemic. The study reached the following conclusions: 1) There were many indications of scattered concern in the posts of cherry blossoms from local residents, which were closely related to the details of life and emotional changes during the epidemic. Non-natives had fewer concerns and were more focused, mainly expressing blessings for Wuhan and China. 2) The average emotion value of Wuhan residents' micro-texts was negatively correlated with the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 during its rising period and positively correlated during its declining period, while the emotional value of non-Wuhan residents was negatively correlated with the number of confirmed COVID-19 patients. 3) The impact of the urban representative landscape on the emotions of residents in different regions was closely related to the development of the epidemic situation. In particular, the Wuhan cherry blossoms had an emotional support effect on Wuhan local residents during the epidemic, which gave people the power to face the epidemic positively, while at the same time, having an emotional cohesion effect on non-Wuhan residents during the epidemic, which prompted people to help Wuhan positively. (4) The epidemic changed the background of human emotions and landscape interpretation, giving the landscape new meaning. This new landscape meaning in turn affects human emotions and constitutes a closed emotional circuit. Based on the research conclusion, different emotional effects were discussed based on the theory of sense of place and national identity. The research conclusion had not only theoretical value but also practical significance. Finally, we suggest that anti-epidemic recovery work should pay more attention to residents' psychological problem and start with the emotional relationship between residents, the city, and the landscape to convey the idea of better urban life to Wuhan residents.

Key words: COVID-19, Wuhan cherry blossoms, landscape, emotional effect, urban residents' emotion

中图分类号: 

  • C912.6