热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 303-314.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003316

• 区域经济地理 • 上一篇    下一篇

电竞产业空间格局演化及其影响因素

詹绍文(), 朱一鑫, 程哲(), 窦世斌   

  1. 西安建筑科技大学 公共管理学院,西安 710000
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-19 修回日期:2020-06-29 出版日期:2021-03-31 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 程哲 E-mail:xajdzsw@163.com;cz1251@163.com
  • 作者简介:詹绍文(1969—),男,湖北黄冈人,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向为城市规划与区域经济发展,(E-mail)xajdzsw@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重点项目(71734001);教育部人文社会科学青年基金项目(18YJC630019);陕西省社发重点项目(2019ZDLSF06-07)

Spatio-Temporal Evolution and Influencing Factors of E-Sports Industry: A Case Study of Shanghai

Shaowen Zhan(), Yixin Zhu, Zhe Cheng(), Shibin Dou   

  1. School of Public Administration, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an 710000, China
  • Received:2020-05-19 Revised:2020-06-29 Online:2021-03-31 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: Zhe Cheng E-mail:xajdzsw@163.com;cz1251@163.com

摘要:

基于上海市2006—2018年电竞企业的数据,综合运用核密度估计、最邻近指数、Kriging空间插值分析等方法,探讨上海市电竞产业的空间演化过程及影响因素。结果表明:1)电竞产业可以划分为2006—2010年的起步阶段,2010—2014年的快速发展阶段,2014—2018年的爆发增长阶段;2)电竞产业在空间分布上由双核心聚集发展为多核心聚集,具有整体上中心聚集、同时向外扩展的特征,南北方向是企业扩展的主要方向;3)高资本电竞企业主要向软件园区和高等院校聚集,呈现出4个高资本热区,这些热区未来更有机会出现更具竞争力的电子竞技企业;4)政府政策规划对电竞产业的区位选择具有导向作用,高质量人力资源、经济发展水平、周边电竞市场环境、交通便捷性是企业聚集的基础力量;与传统产业相比,由于电子竞技产业具有体育性的竞技特征,其竞技水平和赛事举办也会对产业发展产生重大影响。

关键词: 电子竞技产业, 空间格局演化, 产业聚集, 上海

Abstract:

As an emerging industry formed by the integration of multiple industries, the e-sports industry contributes to urban development, economic growth, and promotion of urban image owing to the characteristics of low pollution, strong driving effect, and high social influence. However, the e-sport industry is a new industry with limited studies about the general features, evolutionary mechanism, and spatial dynamics. As an e-sports industry center in China, Shanghai has the most complete e-sports industry chain and the largest industrial scale. This study takes Shanghai as a classical case to explore the spatial evolution process, features, and influencing factors of the e-sports industry using the spatial analysis methods, including the kernel density estimation, nearest neighbor index, and the Kriging spatial interpolation analysis based on the data mining of Shanghai e-sports enterprises from 2006 to 2018. The results show that, first, according to factors such as historical background, policy support, and development characteristics, the e-sports industry in Shanghai can be divided into the initial stage from 2006 to 2010, the rapid development stage from 2010 to 2014, and the explosive growth stage from 2014 to 2018. Second, the spatial distribution of the e-sports industry in Shanghai has evolved from a dual-core aggregation to a multi-core aggregation with the characteristics of central aggregation and simultaneous outward expansion. The south and north are the main directions of the expansion of e-sports enterprises. Third, high-capital e-sports enterprises tend to focus on software parks and universities in the surrounding area. There are currently four high-capital hotspots, namely, Zizhu Science Park in Minhang District, Zhaojiabang Road in Xuhui District, Lantian Enterprise Development Industrial Park in Jiading District, and Tiandi Software parks in Putuo District. These hotspots will have more opportunities to extend more competitive e-sports enterprises in the future because spin-off firms can inherit excellent capabilities from the parent firms. Fourth, based on the analysis framework of agglomeration economy—enterprise spin-off—institutional environment, this study analyzes the evolution mechanism of e-sports industry cluster in Shanghai. The agglomeration economy plays a centripetal role, the enterprise spin-off enables new enterprises to inherit successful routines from the parent company, and the institutional environment is conducive to the formation and management of industries. Compared with previous studies which showed that the government plays a smaller role in promoting the cultural industry, the development of the e-sports industry is affected more by the institutional environment. Finally, at an urban scale, government policy planning has a guiding effect on the location selection of the e-sports industry. High-quality human resources, economic development level, e-sports market environment, and transportation convenience are the key factors for the aggregation of e-sports enterprises. In addition, compared with traditional industries, the e-sports industry has the characteristics of competition as a sporting activity. Furthermore, the excitement of competition and the holding of big e-sports events will have a significant impact on the development of the e-sports industry. This study explores the spatial-temporal pattern, evolution process, influencing factors, and evolution mechanisms of the e-sports industry in Shanghai from the perspective of evolutionary economic geography. This study verifies and enriches the theory of evolutionary economic geography from an empirical perspective, providing a theoretical basis for optimizing the spatial distribution of the e-sports industry, developing an e-sports industry cluster district, and enhancing the urban cultural brand. It also provides a decision-making reference for other cities to develop the e-sports industry.

Key words: e-sports industry, spatial evolution, industry agglomeration, Shanghai

中图分类号: 

  • TU984.1