热带地理 ›› 2021, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (2): 327-339.doi: 10.13284/j.cnki.rddl.003322

• 区域经济地理 • 上一篇    

长江经济带城乡居民福祉测度及其差异

贺艳华a,b(), 刘聪a, 周国华a,b(), 陈妍a   

  1. a.湖南师范大学 地理科学学院,长沙 410081
    b.湖南师范大学 地理空间大数据挖掘与应用湖南省重点实验室,长沙 410081
  • 收稿日期:2020-11-01 修回日期:2020-12-29 出版日期:2021-04-27 发布日期:2021-04-27
  • 通讯作者: 周国华 E-mail:zlgx888@163.com;uuy828@163.com
  • 作者简介:贺艳华(1982—),女,湖南宁乡人,教授,博士,主要研究方向为城乡土地利用与可持续发展,(E-mail)zlgx888@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    湖南省教育厅重点项目(19A333);湖南省自然科学基金资助项目(2020JJ4056);国家自然科学基金项目(41971224)

The Gap between the Well-Being of Urban and Rural Residents in the Yangtze River Economic Belt

Yanhua Hea,b(), Cong Liua, Guohua Zhoua,b(), Yan Chena   

  1. a.College of Geographic Science, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
    b.Hunan Key Laboratory of Geospatial Big Data Mining and Application, Hunan Normal University, Changsha 410081, China
  • Received:2020-11-01 Revised:2020-12-29 Online:2021-04-27 Published:2021-04-27
  • Contact: Guohua Zhou E-mail:zlgx888@163.com;uuy828@163.com

摘要:

通过构建城乡居民客观发展指数、主观幸福感指数和福祉差异系数,分析了2005-2015年长江经济带城镇、乡村居民福祉水平及其差距的动态变化过程和空间差异,探讨其影响因素与作用机制。结果表明:1)长江经济带及各省城乡居民福祉均呈上升趋势,区域城镇和乡村居民福祉指数分别由2005年的0.665 3、0.570 4提高至2015年的0.761 5、0.683 0,上中下游由低到高的梯度变化明显。2)城镇居民福祉水平略高于乡村,城乡居民福祉差距呈缩小趋势,城乡居民福祉差异系数由2005年的1.166 3降低至2015年的1.114 8,下游缩小幅度相对较大。3)经济因素是影响长江经济带城乡居民福祉水平及差距的主要因素,且乡村居民福祉受经济因素的拉动效应更为明显。4)城乡居民福祉水平除经济因素外,还与基础设施、精神文化、社会管理、基本住房、生态环境等因素有关,因此经济水平高的地区福祉水平并不一定高于经济水平低的地区。5)社会主义新农村与美丽乡村建设、精准扶贫战略、城乡一体化发展战略的实施,有效促进了乡村居民福祉水平的迅速提升,在缩小城乡居民福祉水平差距中发挥了重要作用。

关键词: 城乡居民福祉, 福祉差距, 人类发展指数, 长江经济带

Abstract:

The integrated development of urban and rural areas has become an important development strategy in China in the new era. Its ultimate goal is to jointly improve the well-being of urban and rural residents and reduce the gap in well-being that exists between them. Drawing from the 2019 Human Development Index evaluation framework from a comprehensive subjective and objective perspective, this study constructed an objective development index, a subjective well-being index, and a well-being difference coefficient between urban and rural residents. Taking the Yangtze River Economic Belt as the research area, this study explored the dynamic development process and spatial differentiation characteristics of urban and rural residents' well-being and revealed the influencing factors and mechanisms behind them. It is expected to help understand the process of urban–rural integrated development from the perspective of well-being as well as provide guidance for promoting the integrated development of urban and rural areas in the Yangtze River Economic Belt. The main conclusions reached were as follows: 1) The well-being of urban and rural residents in the Yangtze River Economic Belt gradually increased, from 0.665 3 and 0.570 4 in 2005 to 0.761 5 and 0.683 0, respectively, in 2015. The upper, middle, and lower reaches of this region showed a gradient change from low to high, while the overall spatial difference decreased. 2) The well-being level of urban residents was slightly higher than that of rural residents, and the gap gradually narrowed from 1.166 3 in 2005 to 1.114 8 in 2015. The well-being gap of urban and rural residents in the upper, middle, and lower reaches showed a high to low gradient change; Among them, the gap in the lower reaches has narrowed relatively greatly. 3) The well-being levels of urban and rural residents and the gap between them were greatly affected by economic factors, and the pulling effect of economic growth on the well-being of rural residents was more obvious than that of urban residents, while the spatial distribution of urban and rural residents' well-being was generally positively correlated with the economic pattern. At the same time, it was found that the level of well-being was also related to factors such as urban and rural infrastructure, cultural construction, social management, basic housing security, and ecological environment. Therefore, the well-being level of regions with high economic levels was not necessarily high. 4) The gap in economic, social public services, and security levels between urban and rural areas, as well as the gap in income, health, and social status of urban and rural residents, are the main reasons why this gap between the two types of residents has always existed. The implementation of China's new socialist countryside and beautiful countryside construction, targeted poverty alleviation strategies, urban-rural integration development strategies, and a series of "supporting farmers" and "benefits" policies have effectively promoted the improvement of the well-being of rural residents and narrowed the gap between that of their urban counterparts.

Key words: well-being of urban and rural residents, well-being gap, human development index, the Yangtze River Economic Belt

中图分类号: 

  • F124.7